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Headword: Πυθώ
Adler number: pi,3137
Translated headword: Pytho
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Phokis is a territory in Greece, in which [is] the city called Delphi; and in this city there was a shrine of Apollo, which was called Pytho. In this [place] a bronze tripod was set up and on top of it a bowl which held the oracular tokens, the ones which used to leap about when those consulting the oracle were asking their questions. And the Pythia, being inspired, indeed in a state of enthusiasm, used to tell whatever Apollo made to come out.[1]
[Note] that the shrine of Apollo was called Delphi because the dragon Delphyne, whom Apollo killed, was located there; but [also called] Pytho because it rotted there.[2]
Greek Original:
Πυθώ: Φωκὶς χώρα ἐστὶ τῆς Ἑλλάδος, περὶ ἣν πόλις ἡ καλουμένη Δελφοί: περὶ ἣν πόλιν ἦν ἱερὸν τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος, ὃ ἐκαλεῖτο Πυθώ: ἐν ᾧ χαλκοῦς τρίπους ἵδρυτο καὶ ὕπερθεν φιάλη, ἣ τὰς μαντικὰς εἶχε ψήφους, αἵτινες ἐρομένων τῶν μαντευομένων ἥλλοντο, καὶ ἡ Πυθία ἐμφορουμένη, ἤτοι ἐνθουσιῶσα, ἔλεγεν ἃ ἐξέφερεν ὁ Ἀπόλλων. ὅτι Δελφοὶ τὸ ἱερὸν τοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος ἐκλήθη διὰ τὸ τὸν Δελφύνην δράκοντα ἐκεῖ εὑρεθῆναι, ὃν ἀπέκτεινεν ὁ Ἀπόλλων: Πυθὼ δὲ διὰ τὸ ἐκεῖ σαπῆναι.
Notes:
[1] Paraphrased from the commentary by ps.-Nonnus -- i.e. not the poet mentioned under nu 489 -- on Gregory of Nazianzus' Oration II Against Julian (PG 36.1045a-b). See also pi 3127, pi 3128, pi 3129, pi 3130; and for 'enthusiasm' epsilon 1365, epsilon 1366.
[2] This additional note, lacking (Adler reports) in mss A(F)V, comes from delta 210. For the implied etymology of Pytho see pi 3138.
Keywords: aetiology; art history; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; poetry; religion; rhetoric; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 4 October 2006@05:49:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented (existing) notes; cosmetics) on 4 October 2006@06:03:34.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 5 October 2006@08:32:41.
David Whitehead on 23 October 2013@09:22:38.

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