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Headword: Πυθέας
Adler number: pi,3125
Translated headword: Pytheas
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Of Athens. Rhetor. He was the son of a miller, and very insolent. He escaped from imprisonment in Athens for a debt, and went to Macedonia;[1] then he returned home. He wrote speeches for the assembly and the law-courts, and a number of other works. But he was not ranked with the other orators, because of his insolence and unruliness.
[Note] that 'miller' [mulôthros] is the word for someone who owns and works a mill.[2]
And from it [comes] a verb, mulôthrô. Lay-people, though, [say] mulônas.[3]
Greek Original:
Πυθέας, Ἀθηναῖος, ῥήτωρ, υἱὸς δὲ ἦν μυλωθροῦ, καὶ θρασὺς σφόδρα: φυγών τε Ἀθήνηθεν ἐκ τοῦ δεσμωτηρίου διὰ ὄφλημα εἰς Μακεδονίαν ἦλθεν, εἶτα ἐπανῆκε πάλιν. ἔγραψε λόγους δημηγορικοὺς καὶ δικανικοὺς καὶ ἄλλα τινά. ἀλλ' οὐκ ἐκρίθη μετὰ τῶν λοιπῶν ῥητόρων, ὡς θρασὺς καὶ διεσπασμένος. ὅτι μύλωθρος λέγεται ὁ μυλῶνα κεκτημένος καὶ ἐργαζόμενος. καὶ ἐξ αὐτοῦ ῥῆμα μυλωθρῶ. οἱ δὲ ἰδιῶται μυλωνᾶν.
Notes:
Second half of C4 BC (born perhaps c.357). See generally RE Pytheas(3). He came to political prominence in the second half of the 320s - early in life, by Greek standards - when he opposed the deification of Alexander the Great and served as one of the ten state prosecutors (of Demosthenes and others) in the Harpalos Affair.
[1] One manuscript wrongly says 'to Sparta'.
[2] From mu 1412.
[3] For other possible sense of ἰδιῶται here see under alpha 1224.
Keywords: biography; daily life; ethics; geography; history; law; politics; rhetoric; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 27 June 2001@11:17:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes) on 28 June 2001@03:38:00.
David Whitehead (added note) on 28 June 2001@03:44:45.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 20 November 2005@10:28:03.
David Whitehead (another note) on 25 July 2007@03:22:53.
David Whitehead (typo (mine); another note) on 19 April 2010@07:29:43.
David Whitehead on 23 October 2013@08:40:36.

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