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Headword: Ποίθιοι
Adler number: pi,3078
Translated headword: Poithoi, Pythioi
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Four men chosen among [the] Spartans, two to dine with each king.
Greek Original:
Ποίθιοι: τέσσαρες ἄνδρες αἱρετοὶ παρὰ Λάκωσι, δύο καθ' ἕκαστον βασιλέα σύσσιτοι.
Note:
The headword is faultily transmitted as Poithioi both here and already in Photius (pi998 Theodoridis). In fact these are the Spartans' Pythioi (so, correctly, in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon), 'four persons whose office it was to consult the Delphic oracle on affairs of state' (LSJ s.v.; cf. generally pi 3127, pi 3128, pi 3129, pi 3130). See, for this nominative plural, Herodotus 6.57.2 and (with content akin to the lexicographers' gloss) Xenophon, Constitution of the Lacedaimonians 15.5.
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; historiography; history; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 May 2004@10:56:13.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 17 September 2004@17:21:29.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 19 September 2004@04:54:30.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 7 October 2005@09:56:31.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 17 May 2011@07:35:05.
David Whitehead on 1 December 2011@07:26:43.
David Whitehead on 23 October 2013@06:31:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 December 2014@19:26:19.

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