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Headword: Πτοία
Adler number: pi,3057
Translated headword: terror
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] commotion, fear.[1]
"The Scythians converted everything into so much fright and terror that he, a single person, pursued ten thousand who had weapons but did not raise their hands against him though he was unarmed."[2]
Greek Original:
Πτοία: πτόησις. φόβος. οἱ δὲ Σκύθαι ἐς τοῦτο δείματος καὶ πτοίας ἅπαντα περιέστησαν, ὥστε εἷς καὶ μυρίους ἐδίωκεν, εἰ καὶ ἦν ἄνοπλος, ὅπλα ἔχοντας καὶ χεῖρας οὐκ ἀνταιρομένους.
The headword is a feminine noun in the nominative singular, possibly extracted from some literary context (but, if so, not from the quotation given: see n. 2). See also pi 3058 for its accusative case, with similar glossing.
[1] For the first gloss cf. Pollux 5.122, Etymologicum Magnum s.v. πτοῖαι (694.57); for the second ps.-Herodian, Epimerismi 117, Hesychius pi4253, Etymologicum Magnum s.v. πτοῶ (694.53), and, according to Adler, Lexicon Ambrosianum 1455.
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta of Constantine Porphyrogenitus) unidentifiable. The headword noun appears here in the genitive case.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: William Hutton on 25 September 2013@10:41:13.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, set status) on 25 September 2013@23:51:54.
David Whitehead (another keyword; adjustments) on 26 September 2013@03:42:29.
David Whitehead on 23 October 2013@06:03:36.


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