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Headword: Πτωχός
Adler number: pi,3054
Translated headword: pauper
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] one who has fallen [ἐκπεπτωκώς ] out of having [ἔχειν ].[1]
A beggar. [The term comes] from the [verb] πτώσσειν ["to cower/cringe"], which is to be humbled/deprived.[2]
Greek Original:
Πτωχός: ὁ ἐκπεπτωκὼς τοῦ ἔχειν. ἐπαίτης. παρὰ τὸ πτώσσειν, ὅ ἐστι ταπεινοῦσθαι.
Notes:
[1] (Lacking, Adler reports, in mss AFV but added in the margin of A.) Same etymology in Orion [Author, Myth] and the Etymologicum Magnum.
[2] Same or similar glosses in other lexica, and in a scholion on Homer, Odyssey 17.220, where the headword occurs in the accusative (web address 1). For πτώσσειν see already under pi 3049 (and cf. pi 3050).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; epic
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 23 August 2010@01:21:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks) on 23 August 2010@03:06:08.
David Whitehead on 30 November 2011@05:56:55.
David Whitehead on 23 October 2013@06:01:02.
Catharine Roth (betacode typo (mine)) on 16 June 2014@01:57:07.

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