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Headword: Πτερίνῳ
Adler number: pi,3008
Translated headword: feathery
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] feathered. Polybius [writes]: the Romans "bedeck themselves with a feathery crown, with three red or black-upright feathers about a cubit in length; when these are applied and the top of his head together with the other weapons, the man appears to double himself in size, and the sight is beautiful and astonishing to the opponents."[1]
Greek Original:
Πτερίνῳ: πτερωτῷ. Πολύβιος: ἐπικοσμοῦνται οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι πτερίνῳ στεφάνῳ, πτεροῖς φοινικίοις ἢ μελαινόρθοις τρισίν, ὡς πηχυαίοις τὸ μέγεθος ὧν προστεθέντων καὶ κορυφὴν ἅμα τοῖς ἄλλοις ὅπλοις ὁ μὲν ἀνὴρ φαίνεται διπλάσιος ἑαυτοῦ κατὰ τὸ μέγεθος, ἡ δὲ ὄψις καλὴ καὶ καταπληκτικὴ τοῖς ἐναντίοις.
Notes:
The headword is dative singular, masculine or neuter, of the adjective πτέρινος (on which see pi 3007), presumably extracted from the passage quoted below. The only other attestation of this form is at Euripides, Orestes 1429.
[1] Polybius 6.23.12-13, but here with some errors: "black-upright" attempts to render the Suda's nonsense word μελαινόρθοις , which combines bits of Polybius' μέλασι ('black') and ὀρθοῖς ('upright'); "applied and the top of his head" (προστεθέντων καὶ κορυφὴν ) should be "applied along the top of his head" (προστεθέντων κατὰ κορυφήν ).
Keywords: clothing; definition; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 October 2013@01:03:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 October 2013@03:48:09.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@07:16:44.

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