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Headword: Προσάγειν
Adler number: pi,2584
Translated headword: to march up to
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"[To march up to] and to march by are different. For everyone 'marches up to [sc. the enemy]' when drawn up in such a way as to make them best for fighting; but those who are sensible 'march by' with a view to retreating in the safest possible way, not the swiftest. A necessity for passing by [sc. safely] is that the wagons be spread out and that the rest of the baggage-train, too, be for the most part extended." So says Xenophon.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] προσάγειν standing for to befriend, to win over.[2]
"He made it known through the envoys that he would approach the peoples with money and gifts, but would announce that the profits from the war be shared".[2]
Greek Original:
Προσάγειν καὶ Παράγειν διαφέρει. προσάγουσι μὲν γὰρ πάντες οἱ παραταξάμενοι ᾗ ἂν ἄριστοι εἶεν μάχεσθαι: παράγουσι δὲ οἱ σώφρονες ᾗ ἂν ἀσφαλέστατα, οὐχ ᾗ ἂν τάχιστα ἀπέλθοιεν. παριέναι ἀνάγκη δὲ ἐκτεταμέναις μὲν ταῖς ἁμάξαις, ἀνειργμένοις δὲ καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις σκευοφόροις ἐπιπολύ. οὕτως φησὶ Ξενοφῶν. καὶ Προσάγειν, ἀντὶ τοῦ οἰκειοῦσθαι, ἰδιοποιεῖσθαι. ὁ δὲ ἐμήνυε διὰ τῶν πρέσβεων, ὡς προσάγοιτο μὲν τὰ ἔθνη χρήμασι καὶ δώροις, καταγγέλλοι δὲ κοινὰ τὰ κερδαλέα τὰ ἀπὸ τοῦ πολέμου.
Notes:
[1] A version of Xenophon, Cyropaedia 5.4.44-45.
[2] In this sense, the middle voice is usual: see LSJ s.v. B.
[3] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
Reference:
C. de Boor, "Suidas und die Konstantinsche Exzerptsammlung II, Byzantinische Zeitschrift 23 (1919) 35
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 15 August 2013@03:32:47.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added note and bibliography, set status) on 16 August 2013@02:08:29.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 16 August 2013@03:16:59.
David Whitehead on 17 October 2013@04:12:43.
David Whitehead on 24 May 2016@07:40:40.

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