Suda On Line menu Search

Home
Search results for pi,1939 in Adler number:
Greek display:    

Headword: Poluandrion
Adler number: pi,1939
Translated headword: mass grave, common grave
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning a] memorial, tomb.[1]
What is by many colloquially called a strangers' burying-place.[2]
"Gainas withdrew from the city, having left it a common grave and a very expensive tomb, its occupants having not yet been buried."[3]
And Aelian [writes]: "for burying the dead they prepared a common mass grave."[4]
Greek Original:
Poluandrion: mnêma, taphon. to thrulloumenon para pollois xenotaphion. ho de Gainas exechôrei tês poleôs, katalipôn autên poluandrion kai polutelê taphon, oupô tethammenôn tôn enôikêkotôn. kai Ailianos: thapsantes de tous nekrous eirgasanto koinon poluandrion.
Notes:
The headword is a neuter noun in the nominative (and vocative and accusative) singular. There is also a two-ending adjective polua/ndrios, -on (associated with many men, populous) whose neuter nominative (and vocative and accusative) singular and masculine (and feminine) accusative singular forms coincide with the headword; cf. n.3 below, and see LSJ s.v.
[1] The headword is glossed similarly in Synagoge pi530 (345.15 Bachmann) and Photius, Lexicon pi1032 Theodoridis, except that the Suda uses the accusative form of the second gloss (ta/fon: tomb), whereas the others have the nominative ta/fos. Compare also Hesychius pi2819, Pollux 9.15, and two scholia on the Orations of Gregory of Nazianzus. Theodoridis mentions (without positively endorsing) Naber's view that the headword is drawn from the Septuagint: 2 Maccabees 9.4 or Ezechiel 39.16.
[2] cf. E.A. Sophocles (see Bibliography below), p. 790, s.v. cenota/fion.
[3] Eunapius fr. 79 FHG (4.49); Blockley, pp. 108-9, who interprets the headword as an adjective. Gainas (d. 400 CE), a northern Goth and Arian Christian, had been a loyal military commander 394-399 under the eastern Roman emperors Theodosius I (The Great) (346-395; OCD(4) s.v. Theodosius(2), theta 144) and Arcadius (succeeded Theodosius and eastern ruler 383-408; OCD(4) s.v. Arcadius(2)); Burns, pp. 151-72. But with his irregular Gothic army, Gainas occupied Constantinople for several months from 399-400 and even attempted to seize the imperial palace (PLRE, pp. 379-80). Facing an extremely hostile populace, he then withdrew part of his army, but left a residual force of some 7,000 troops, hoping that they might yet seize control of the city. The poorly organized troops were splintered, trapped, and massacred by the inhabitants (Williams, p. 12; PLRE, p. 380). This Eunapian fragment probably pertains to Gainas' disastrous partial evacuation of Constantinople in 400 (Blockley, p. 148). Other Suda passages concerning Gainas are epsilon 740 and eta 154.
[4] Part of Aelian fr. 48 Hercher (51b Domingo-Forasté); cf. pi 3122.
References:
E.A. Sophocles, Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods, vol. II, New York: Ungar, 1957
R.C. Blockley, The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire: Eunapius, Olympiodorus, Priscus and Malchus, vol. II, Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1983
T.S. Burns, Barbarians Within the Gates of Rome: A Study of Roman Military Policy and the Barbarians, ca. 375-425 A.D., Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1995
A.H.M. Jones, J.R. Martindale, and J. Morris The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, vol. I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971
S. Williams and G. Friell, The Rome That Did Not Fall: The Survival of the East in the Fifth Century, London: Routledge, 1999
D. Domingo-Forasté, ed., Clavdii Aeliani: Epistvlae et Fragmenta, Stuttgart and Leipzig: Teubner, 1994
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 19 June 2009@02:07:36.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 19 June 2009@11:07:34.
William Hutton (tweaked hw., augmented notes, raised status) on 20 June 2009@10:31:06.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 June 2009@03:47:17.
David Whitehead (typo in n.1) on 16 May 2011@05:24:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked reference in note 4) on 24 March 2012@01:00:55.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 8 October 2013@07:26:40.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@06:07:24.
David Whitehead (codings) on 23 May 2016@10:50:54.

Find      

Test Database Real Database

(Try these tips for more productive searches.)

No. of records found: 1    Page 1

End of search