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Headword: Pithanous
Adler number: pi,1574
Translated headword: persuasive, plausible, credulous, obedient
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] them who obey readily.[1] Xenophon in Education of Cyrus [writes]: "but some are so obedient that they already obey before they know what is being done."[2] Just as Thucydides [calls] those who are afraid foberoi/ ["fearful"].[3]
Appian [writes]: "but [that] one of them, trustworthy and obedient for the deed, happening on the consuls in a restricted [place] asked for the password."[4] "And certain plausibilities coincided as a result of the reversal; [ones] which the Romans misrepresented, more ambitiously than was proper."[5]
And elsewhere: "... on account of strength of body and [a habit of] rushing headlong into battle being trustworthy to the masses": meaning taking the lead.[6]
Greek Original:
Pithanous: tous eupeitheis. Xenophôn Kurou paideiai: pithanoi de houtôs eisi tines, hôste prin eidenai to prattomenon, proteron peithesthai. hôsper phoberous, tous phoboumenous Thoukudidês. Appianos: hena d' autôn piston kai pithanon eis to ergon, entuchonta tois hupatois en aporrêtôi pistin aitêsai. kai pithanotêtes tines sunekurêsan ek tês peripeteias: has hoi Rhômaioi pareplattonto, philotimoteron tou deontos. kai authis: dia rhômên sômatos kai to es tas machas propetes einai tôi plêthei pithanon. anti tou exarchonta.
Notes:
[1] The headword is masculine accusative plural of the adjective piqano/s; cf. pi 1572, pi 1573. It must be extracted from somewhere, though not from any of the passages quoted here.
[2] Xenophon, Cyropaedia 2.2.10 (web address 1).
[3] Thucydides 2.3.4, cf. phi 556. Thus far, the entry = Photius pi876 Theodoridis.
[4] Appian fr. 10 Gabba et al.
[5] This sentence (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) contains not the headword adjective but a related abstract noun, in the plural. The quotation is unidentifiable, though Polybius furnishes parallels for two of its rarer elements (piqano/thtes in the plural and the verb suneku/rhsan).
[6] Arrian, Parthica fr. 89; quoted already at alpha 2149.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 June 2012@00:56:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expansions to notes; more keywords; cosmetics) on 25 June 2012@03:36:17.
David Whitehead on 25 June 2012@07:39:33.
David Whitehead (tweaked and expanded notes) on 3 October 2013@07:22:35.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 July 2014@01:26:00.

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