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Headword: Περισπασμός
Adler number: pi,1291
Translated headword: half-turn
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A movement of the unit out of two quarter-turns, with the result that it takes up the rear position. But a three-quarter-turn is a movement of the unit out of three continuous quarter-turns, with the result that it takes up a position facing left if it is done toward spear-side, but facing right if towards shield-side.
Greek Original:
Περισπασμός: ἐκ δυοῖν ἐπιστροφῶν τοῦ τάγματος κίνησις, ὥστε μεταλαμβάνειν τὸν ὀπίσω τόπον. ἐκπερισπασμὸς δέ ἐστιν ἐκ τριῶν ἐπιστροφῶν συνεχῶν τοῦ τάγματος κίνησις, ὥστε μεταλαμβάνειν, ἐὰν μὲν ἐπὶ δόρυ γίγνηται, τὴν ἐξ ἀριστερῶν ἐπιφάνειαν: ἐὰν δὲ ἐπ' ἀσπίδα, τὴν ἐκ δεξιῶν.
Note:
LSJ s.v. defines this headword as 'wheeling', but, as this entry shows, that is not quite precise enough. I have adopted 'half-turn' (together with 'quarter-turn' for epistrophe [epsilon 2644] and 'three-quarter turn' for ekperispasmos) from W.A. Oldfather's glossary in the Loeb Aeneas Tacticus, Asclepiodotus [and] Onasander; cf. Asclepiodotus 10.1 and 7-8. Both manoeuvres of course belong on the parade-ground -- or indeed the classroom -- rather than the battlefield.
Keywords: definition; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 7 March 2010@09:04:04.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 30 March 2010@23:01:48.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 31 March 2010@04:26:09.
David Whitehead on 26 September 2011@08:40:44.
David Whitehead on 23 May 2016@03:50:24.

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