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Headword: Περιπέτεια
Adler number: pi,1242
Translated headword: reversal
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] hastiness, or collapse, or coincidence.[1]
"When the delusion took effect every place was full of people throwing themselves into the wells and down from cliffs to the extent that, as the proverb goes, even an enemy would take pity when he saw the reversal of the man at that time."[2]
"He made the kingdom a match for the regimes of his day, not for the most part with the benefit of luck as an assistant, nor out of a reversal, but by quick-wittedness and diligence, and moreover by his own activity."[3]
But περιπέττειν ['to bake over'] is either derived from περιπέτασμα ['over-covering'] or from those who encase the groats with leaven and cover things up with them; for they used to mix in the leftovers from each loaf to make a[nother] loaf.[4]
Greek Original:
Περιπέτεια: προπέτεια, ἢ σύμπτωμα, ἢ σύμβασις. πάντα δ' ἦν πλήρη ἀρχομένης φαρμακείας τῶν ῥιπτούντων ἑαυτοὺς εἰς τὰ φρέατα καὶ κατὰ κρημνῶν, ὥστε κατὰ τὴν παροιμίαν κἂν ἐχθρὸν ἐλεῆσαι θεασάμενον τὴν τότε περιπέτειαν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου. τῶν καθ' αὑτὸν δυναστειῶν ἐφάμιλλον ἐποίησε τὴν ἀρχὴν, οὐ τύχῃ τὸ πλεῖον συνεργῷ χρώμενος, οὐδὲ ἐκ περιπετείας, ἀλλ' ἀγχινοίας καὶ φιλοπονίας, ἔτι δὲ καὶ πράξεως τῆς αὐτοῦ. τὸ δὲ περιπέττειν ἤτοι ἀπὸ τοῦ περιπετάσματος εἴρηται, ἢ ἀπὸ τῶν ζύμῃ τὰ ἄλφιτα περιλαμβανόντων καὶ τούτοις περικαλυπτόντων τινά: εἰώθασι γὰρ τὰ καταλιμπανόμενα ἀφ' ἑκάστου ἄρτου μιγνύντες ποιεῖν ἄρτον.
Notes:
cf. pi 1243, pi 1244.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius pi735 Theodoridis.
[2] From Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpta de virtutibus et vitiis 2.208: a garbled version of Polybius 38.16.7, describing the final stages of the Achaean Wars ('reversal of the man' in Constantine and the Suda is 'reversal of Greece' in Polybius).
[3] Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpta de virtutibus et vitiis 2.198.3 = Polybius 32.8.3-4, in reference to Eumenes II of Pergamon (197-158).
[4] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 159, where the verb περιπέττειν appears. It bears a superficial resemblance to the present headword, but is in fact unrelated; cf. pi 1245.
Keywords: agriculture; biography; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; politics; proverbs
Translated by: William Hutton on 17 August 2013@21:53:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 18 August 2013@01:14:26.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 18 August 2013@04:43:06.
David Whitehead on 26 September 2013@07:01:38.

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