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Headword: Περιουσία
Adler number: pi,1225
Translated headword: superfluity
Vetting Status: high
[Περιουσία is] superfluous substance, but οὐσία [is] substance [which is] in right measure [or: in due proportion].
“Superfluous” is different from “necessary”. Now, necessary are those things without which it is impossible to exist;[1] by contrast, superfluous are those things whose presence is not necessary and, as Aristotle says,[2] [there is superfluity] when, the necessary things [for life] existing, [one] provides [for himself] some [other] things of value. For example, life is something necessary, but good life is superfluous.[3] For by the presence of “good”, which is not necessary for existence, the necessary life is adorned.
Greek Original:
Περιουσία: ἡ περιττὴ οὐσία, οὐσία δὲ ἡ σύμμετρος. ἐκ περιουσίας δὲ τοῦ ἀναγκαίου διαφέρει. ἀναγκαῖα μὲν οὖν ἐστιν, ὧν χωρὶς ἀδύνατον εἶναι, ἐκ περιουσίας δέ, ὧν ἡ παρουσία οὐκ οὖσα ἀναγκαία, καί, ὡς Ἀριστοτέλης λέγει, ὅταν ὑπαρχόντων τῶν ἀναγκαίων, ἄλλα τινὰ προσκατασκευάζηται τῶν καλῶν. οἷον, τὸ μὲν ζῆν ἀναγ- καῖον, ἐκ περιουσίας δὲ τὸ εὖ ζῆν: τῇ γὰρ τοῦ εὖ παρουσίᾳ, οὐκ οὔσῃ πρὸς τὸ εἶναι ἀναγκαίᾳ, ἐπικοσμεῖται τὸ ζῆν ἀναγκαῖον ὄν.
This entry reproduces, almost literally, the first part of epsilon 563; cf. Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 257.21-27. For the headword, see also pi 1226.
[1] For Aristotle’s technical sense of “necessary” (ἀναγκαῖον ), see Metaphysics 5.5.
[2] Topics 118a12-13.
[3] Topics 118a7-8.
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 9 July 2003@14:52:30.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 9 July 2003@19:56:36.
David Whitehead (modified translation of primary gloss; augmented note; cosmetics) on 10 July 2003@03:18:26.
Catharine Roth (tweaks, keyword) on 7 October 2011@00:55:55.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 7 October 2011@00:57:20.
David Whitehead on 26 September 2013@05:52:48.


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