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Headword: *fa/nhs
Adler number: phi,72
Translated headword: Phanes
Vetting Status: high
In the Orphic [books] is introduced Phanes, having genitals in the area of the buttocks; [sc. it is he] whom they used to call overseer of the life-generating power. And Erikapaios [sc. mentioned] another, who swallows up all the gods, like Kronos.
Greek Original:
*fa/nhs: e)n toi=s *)orfikoi=s ei)shne/xqh o( *fa/nhs, ai)doi=on e)/xwn peri\ th\n pugh/n: o(\n e)/legon e)/foron th=s zw|ogo/nou duna/mews. kai\ o( *)hrikapai=os e(/teron, katapio/nta pa/ntas tou\s qeou/s, w(s to\n *kro/non.
From ps.-Nonnus, Scholia Mythologica 4.78, on Gregory of Nazianzus, PG 36.1028c; Orphica fr. 80 Kern (which has Erikapaios in the accusative, as the "overseer of another power"). Gregory mentions Phanes and Erikapaios in Against the Emperor Julian I (PG 35.653).
OCD(4) s.v.: "a god in several Orphic theogonies, 'the one who makes (or is) manifest', [...] He is the first ruler and the creator of all, bisexual, invisible but radiant with light, gold-winged, and has the heads of various animals".
For Erikapaios cf. eta 517. For Kronos cf. kappa 2466, kappa 2469, kappa 2470, kappa 2472.
Keywords: Christianity; definition; gender and sexuality; medicine; mythology; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 July 2011@00:52:21.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 July 2011@03:51:12.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 7 July 2011@09:56:24.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 7 July 2011@11:19:29.
David Whitehead on 4 December 2013@05:53:01.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 April 2014@21:22:49.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@10:32:52.


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