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Headword: Φαβωρῖνος
Adler number: phi,4
Translated headword: Favorinus
Vetting Status: high
Of Arelate (the city in Gaul).[1] A man learned in every branch of study. Physically he was androgynous (what people call a hermaphrodite); full of philosophy, but more inclined to rhetoric. He lived under the Caesar Trajan, and survived until the time of the emperor Hadrian. He had a rivalry and competition with Plutarch of Chaeronea in the limitlessness of the books he composed.[2] These are some of the books he wrote: On Homer's Philosophy;[3] On Socrates and his Art of Love; On Plato;[4] On the Philosophers' Way of Life; etc. He also wrote a collection of maxims.
Greek Original:
Φαβωρῖνος, Ἀρλεάτου τῆς ἐν Γαλλίᾳ πόλεως, ἀνὴρ πολυμαθὴς κατὰ πᾶσαν παιδείαν, γεγονὼς δὲ τὴν τοῦ σώματος ἕξιν ἀνδρόγυνος [ὅν φασιν ἑρμαφρόδιτον], φιλοσοφίας μεστός, ῥητορικῇ δὲ μᾶλλον ἐπιθέμενος: γεγονὼς ἐπὶ Τραϊανοῦ τοῦ καίσαρος καὶ παρατείνας μέχρι τῶν Ἀδριανοῦ χρόνων τοῦ βασιλέως. ἀντεφιλοτιμεῖτο γοῦν καὶ ζῆλον εἶχε πρὸς Πλούταρχον τὸν Χαιρωνέα εἰς τὸ τῶν συνταττομένων βιβλίων ἄπειρον. γέγραπται γοῦν αὐτῷ φιλόσοφά τε καὶ ἱστορικά, ὧν πολὺς ἀριθμός. ἔστι δὲ καὶ τῶν βιβλίων αὐτοῦ ταῦτα: Περὶ τῆς Ὁμήρου φιλοσοφίας, Περὶ Σωκράτους καὶ τῆς κατ' αὐτὸν ἐρωτικῆς τέχνης, Περὶ Πλάτωνος, Περὶ τῆς διαίτης τῶν φιλοσόφων: καὶ ἄλλα. οὗτος ἔγραψε καὶ γνωμολογικά.
c. 85-155. See generally RE Favorinus, with Suppl. VI 65-70; OCD4 Favorinus; PIR2 F123. For the present item cf. Philostratus, Lives of the Sophists 1.8.489-492.
[1] Present-day Arles; Barrington Atlas map 15 grid D2.
[2] Plutarch: pi 1793. See E. L. Bowie, 'Hadrian, Favorinus, and Plutarch,' in J. Mossman (ed.), Plutarch and his Intellectual World (London 1997).
[3] Homer: omicron 251.
[4] Plato: pi 1707.
A. Barigazzi, Favorino di Arelate. Opere (Florence 1966); 'Favorino di Arelate', ANRW II.34.1 (1993), 556-581.
L. Holford-Strevens, 'Favorinus: The Man of Paradoxes', in J. Barnes and M. Griffin (ed.) Philosophia Togata II (Oxford 1997) 188-217.
Keywords: biography; chronology; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; medicine; philosophy; proverbs; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 26 March 1999@10:45:41.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 29 May 2002@01:04:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@08:18:41.
Aikaterini Oikonomopoulou (Augmented notes; added bibliography.) on 22 February 2008@10:33:28.
David Whitehead (another note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 12 July 2009@08:40:57.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@10:20:47.


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