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Headword: Οἰστρεῖ
Adler number: omicroniota,178
Translated headword: stings
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning he/she/it] inflames, maddens.[1]
Appian [writes]: "in reality everyone experienced a stinging impulse and enthusiasm [to act] against the barbarians".[2]
And elsewhere: "[...] and he did these things just like someone who had been stung and was drunk".[3]
And Aelian [writes]: "and Herodotus was right to set no store by provocations and madnesses concerning women".[4]
Greek Original:
Οἰστρεῖ: ἐρεθίζει, ἐκμαίνει. Ἀππιανός: τῷ ὄντι πᾶσιν οἰστρώδης ἐνέπιπτεν ὁρμὴ καὶ προθυμία κατὰ τῶν βαρβάρων. καὶ αὖθις: καὶ ταῦτα μὲν ἔδρασεν ὥσπερ οἰστρηθεὶς καὶ κάτοινος γενόμενος. καὶ Αἰλιανός: καὶ καλῶς Ἡρόδοτος τὰς ὑπὲρ τῶν γυναικῶν οἰστρήσεις τε καὶ μανίας παρ' οὐδὲν ἐτίθετο.
Notes:
cf. omicroniota 179, omicroniota 180, omicroniota 181.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica (references at Photius omicron158 Theodoridis). The headword -- third person singular, present indicative active, of the verb οἰστρέω -- must be quoted from somewhere; extant possibilities begin with Theocritus, Idylls 6.28.
[2] Appian, Roman History fr. 9.
[3] This relates to Alexander the Great's murderous quarrel with 'Black' Clitus. See the note at mu 720, the first half of the quotation (from Aelian, if Favuzzi is right).
[4] Aelian fr. 125a Domingo-Forasté (part of 122 Hercher), on Herodotus 1.4.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; poetry; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 16 June 2005@06:26:24.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, status) on 16 June 2005@12:21:44.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1 and keywords) on 17 June 2005@02:39:31.
David Whitehead on 8 August 2013@05:18:47.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 19 August 2014@11:43:29.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2014@11:43:50.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 19 August 2014@20:39:17.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 4) on 28 February 2016@11:59:12.

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