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Headword: Οἷ
Adler number: omicroniota,1
Translated headword: where, whither
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Adverb of place, instead of ὅπου ["where"].[1]
"O wretched man, whither have we sailed?" Aristophanes.[2]
"[... the Lydians] all fled [...] where each man could."[3]
And elsewhere: "I must go where wisdom and the god lead me."[4]
"But understand into what dishonor you are leading me."[5]
Greek Original:
Οἷ: τοπικὸν ἐπίρρημα, ἀντὶ τοῦ ὅπου. ὦ δύστηνος, οἷ πεπλώκαμεν; Ἀριστοφάνης. ἔφευγον δὲ οἷ ἐδύνατο ἕκαστος. καὶ αὖθις: ἐμοὶ δὲ βαδιστέα, οἷ σοφία καὶ δαίμων με ἄγει. ἀλλ' οὖν ἐπίστω γ', οἷ μ' ἀτιμίας ἄγεις.
Notes:
[1] Relative adverb, originally a locative of the relative pronoun ὅς . Cf. omicroniota 2.
[2] Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae 878; Euripides is speaking in mock-tragic style (web address 1).
[3] Quotation not identified by Adler, but identifiable via the TLG as an abridged extract from Xenophon, Cyropaedia 7.2.4 (web address 2), on the capture of Sardis in 546 BCE by Cyrus the Great. The reading οἷ , in fact not in the Xenophon mss there, which have either ὅποι or ὅπῃ .
[4] Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 1.18; also at beta 19.
[5] Sophocles, Electra 1035 (web address 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 February 2002@22:33:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 6 February 2002@03:29:52.
David Whitehead (source identification; more keywords) on 14 April 2011@03:31:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, added links and keywords) on 14 April 2011@11:39:08.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3; cosmetics) on 21 June 2011@12:43:14.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 11 March 2014@06:05:10.

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