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Headword: Ὄφελες
Adler number: omicron,994
Translated headword: you ought
Vetting Status: high
['You ought'] and I/they ought:[1] would that, with blessing, in the optative.[2]
But the [word] 'makari' among the uneducated [is] an optative interjection; meaning "would that!" and "o that!"[3] Except that these are not indicative of persons, while the [sc. construction with] 'ofelon' indicates persons.[4]
"O that my ways may be established to keep thy statutes."[5]
[sc. Demetrius took control of Libya] once Ophellas the despot of Cyrene[6] had been done away with by a trick at the instigation of Agathocles from Sicily, [and] Leonidas was appointed to the Greek command by Ptolemy.[7]
Greek Original:
Ὄφελες καὶ Ὄφελον: εἴθε, μακάρι, εὐκτικῶς. τὸ δὲ μακάρι τῶν ἀπαιδεύτων εὐκτικὸν ἐπίρρημα: ἀντὶ τοῦ εἴθε καὶ ἀείθε. πλὴν ὅτι ταῦτα μὲν ἀπαρέμφατα προσώπων ἐστί, τὸ δὲ ὄφελον πρόσωπα ἐμφαίνει. ὄφελον κατευθυνθείησαν αἱ ὁδοί μου, τοῦ φυλάξασθαι τὰ δικαιώματά σου. ὅτι Ὀφέλλα τοῦ Κυρηναίου δυνάστου πρὸς Ἀγαθοκλέους κατὰ Σικελίαν ἀναιρεθέντος δόλῳ, Λεωνίδης ἐπὶ τῆς Ἑλληνικῆς ἀρχῆς κατέστη ὑπὸ Πτολεμαίου.
The primary headword is the aorist indicative active, second person singular, of the verb ὀφείλω (I ought, owe, have to account, am obliged); see generally LSJ s.v., and cf. omega 268, omega 273, and omega 995.
[1] Aorist indicative active, first person singular and third person plural, of the headword verb.
[2] For these glossing words, see alphaiota 113, mu 53, and the same or similar entries in other lexica: Hesychius omicron1955b, the Synagoge, Etymologicum Magnum 643.50, Lexica Segueriana 322.32, Photius omicron707 Theodoridis. (Adler also cites the Ambrosian Lexicon (681) and the Lexicon de Spiritu, L.C. Valckenaer, ed.)
[3] More commonly an adverb, but ἐπίρρημα may also be an interjection (Dickey, p. 127); cf. Hesychius s.v. αἴθε .
[4] A grammatical point already made at alphaiota 136.
[5] Psalms 188.5 LXX; cf. ps.-Herodian, Partitiones 270.16. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that mss AV omitted this line.]
[6] A Greek colony in north Africa (Barrington Atlas map 38 grid C1; present-day Shahhat in Libya).
[7] Unrelated to the rest of the entry, except perhaps for the resemblance of the proper name Ophellas to the headword, this extract appears already at delta 431, which describes the exploits of Demetrios I Poliorcetes (336-283; OCD(4) s.v. Demetrius(4)) of Macedonia. Ophellas (OCD(4) s.v.) was assassinated by his fellow general Agathocles (OCD(4) s.v.) sometime around 309. [Adler notes that ms A omitted this part of the entry and that ms V marginalized it.]
E. Dickey, Ancient Greek Scholarship, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 15 September 2010@03:36:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 September 2010@03:57:50.
David Whitehead (adjustments and updatings) on 2 August 2013@06:20:02.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:36:02.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 March 2015@23:33:45.
David Whitehead (coding) on 20 May 2016@06:38:47.


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