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Headword: Οὔτιδες
Adler number: omicron,973
Translated headword: Nobodies
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Nobodies] and Heaps: fallacies so called.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] Οὔτις , [used] in Homer [meaning] οὐδείς ["no one"];[2] for Odysseus [was] "No man."[3]
"[...] there is no one who [did] not -- calling him a blood-relative of the madman and attacker of the army." It is [a feature of the] Attic [dialect] to apply plurals to singulars, like "no one [they] calling."[4]
Greek Original:
Οὔτιδες καὶ Σωρῖται: παραλογισμοὶ οὕτω καλούμενοι. καὶ Οὔτις, παρ' Ὁμήρῳ οὐδείς: οὔτις γὰρ ὁ Ὀδυσσεύς. οὔτις ἔσθ' ὃς οὐ τὸν τοῦ μανέντος κἀπιβουλευτοῦ στρατοῦ ξύναιμον ἀποκαλοῦντες. Ἀττικόν ἐστι τὸ ἐπιφέρειν ἑνικοῖς πληθυντικά, οἷον οὔτις ἀποκαλοῦντες.
Notes:
[1] Adler's note is 'cf. Diogenes Laertius 7.82', because D.L. lists there a total of five Stoic aporoi logoi ("insoluble arguments") and seems -- though the text may be faulty -- to supply examples of the two the Suda mentions here. For the Nobody, see also D.L. 7.198: eight volumes on it attributed to Chrysippus. In 7.82 D.L. explains it thus: "Nobody is an argument whose major premiss consists of an indefinite and a definite clause, with a minor premiss and a conclusion -- for instance, if anyone is here, he is not in Rhodes, but there is someone here, so there is nobody in Rhodes". The Heap-fallacy or Sorites (attributed in D.L. 2.108 to Euboulides of Miletus), addressing the problem of gradualism, is illustrated thus in 7.82: "it cannot be that if two is few, three is not so likewise, nor that if two or three are few, four is not so; and on on up to ten; two is few, and so is ten".
[2] Likewise already in Hesychius omicron1904. Οὔτις is used in epic and poetry, but οὐδείς is regular in prose.
[3] Similar note in other lexica; cf. Homer, Odyssey 9.366 (web address 1), where Odysseus deceives the Cyclops by telling him that his name is Outis.
[4] Sophocles, Ajax 725-7 (web address 2), with scholion. The singular οὔτις refers to multiple men, and is accompanied by the plural participle ἀποκαλοῦντες .
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; military affairs; mythology; philosophy; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 October 2009@01:45:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 25 October 2009@05:51:14.
David Whitehead on 2 August 2013@04:48:27.

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