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Headword: Οὐρίαχος
Adler number: omicron,949
Translated headword: butt-end
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The tip of the iron; or the back part of the spear, which is also called a "spike";[1] [the term comes] from the [verb] ὀρούειν ["to rush"] and the [verb] ἰάχω ["I shriek"];[2] and this in turn [comes] from ἴα , which means a vocal sound;[3] from this also [comes] ἰαχή ["a shriek"].[4]
Greek Original:
Οὐρίαχος: τὸ ἄκρον τοῦ σιδήρου: ἢ τὸ ὄπισθεν μέρος τοῦ δόρατος, ὃ καὶ σαυρωτὴρ καλεῖται: ἀπὸ τοῦ ὀρούειν καὶ τοῦ ἰάχω: τοῦτο δὲ παρὰ τὸ ἴα, ὃ σημαίνει τὴν φωνήν: ἐξ οὗ καὶ ἰαχή.
Notes:
cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 13.443; and more on this headword at omicron 950.
[1] This term, σαυρωτήρ , is treated in the Suda at sigma 1261 (an entry shared with Photius, Lexicon sigma653 Theodoridis). Hesychius also discusses the word at sigma280 and sigma2092.
[2] Used of weapons, ἰάχω can mean "twang" (of a bowstring: see LSJ s.v. 2 at web address 1), but does not seem to have been used of the butt-end of spears. Translating as "twang" also makes it more difficult to render the etymological similarity of ἰάχω and ἰαχή (the latter does not seem to mean "twang" and is not normally used of weapons: see LSJ s.v. at web address 2).
[3] This is consistent with the gloss of ἴα that appears at iota 1, but note that the accent, according to LSJ (web address 3), should be ἰά rather than ἴα if the word is to mean "voice" or "shout". There may be some confusion here and at iota 1. See also iota 219.
[4] cf. iota 71.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; military affairs; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Kyle Helms on 16 June 2010@10:14:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 17 June 2010@01:32:08.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 17 June 2010@03:23:51.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 2 August 2013@03:25:59.
David Whitehead (coding) on 20 May 2016@06:26:33.

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