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Headword: Οὐαλεντινιανός
Adler number: omicron,763
Translated headword: Valentinian
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Emperor of [the] Romans.[1] This man, through his mother Justina, turned aside from the right faith and was expelled from his imperial rule.[2] And going to Theodosius[3] he was educated in the right faith [sc. by him]: for Theodosius used to tell him that the imperial order is established not through arms, but as the result of good motives. Also "I know", he said, "Valentinian, from the most pious Emperors that when the army is calm, the victory is accomplished successfully, and the enemy, subordinated, becomes subject to the received danger. So it was with Constantine the Great:[4] when he was restored, he destroyed in a shipwreck the tyrant Licinnius; and so too your father Valentinian brought the Empire to a more fortunate and harm-free goal from its enemies, with God vindicating him, and he exhibited countless battles and victories beyond belief, destroying many different kinds of barbarians. But your uncle Valens, the unhallowed, in rending in pieces God, stained the Church through the butchery of the saints and the exile of the priests.[5] [It was he] who, by the will of God, was besieged by the Goths and burned. The one who injustly cast you out [sc. nevertheless] worships Christ rightly. Your distrust in Maximus contributed to indifference. If we harm Christ, to whom will we appeal being in our fight?" Theodosius, having given these and more pieces of advice to Valentinian, changed his course into the right faith.
Greek Original:
Οὐαλεντινιανός, βασιλεὺς Ῥωμαίων. οὗτος διὰ τῆς μητρὸς Ἰουστίνης παρετράπη τῆς ὀρθῆς πίστεως καὶ ἐξεβλήθη τῆς βασιλείας. καὶ ἐλθὼν πρὸς Θεοδόσιον ἐπαιδεύθη τὴν ὀρθὴν πίστιν: ἔλεγε γὰρ αὐτῷ ὁ Θεοδόσιος τὴν βασιλικὴν παράταξιν ἑστάναι οὐ δι' ὅπλων, ἀλλ' ἐξ ἀγαθῶν προφάσεων. καί, οἶδα, φησίν, Οὐαλεντινιανέ, παρὰ τῶν εὐσεβεστάτων βασιλέων, ἡσυχάζοντος τοῦ στρατοπέδου, τὴν νίκην κατορθωθεῖσαν καὶ τοὺς πολεμίους ὑποταγέντας ὑποτελεῖς γεγενῆσθαι τοῦ προλαβόντος κινδύνου. οὕτω καὶ ὁ Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ μέγας ἀνορθωθεὶς Λικίννιον τὸν τύραννον ἐν ναυαγίῳ διέφθειρεν, οὕτω καὶ Οὐαλεντινιανὸς ὁ σὸς πατὴρ εὐτυχέστερον τὴν βασιλείαν καὶ ἀβλαβῆ παρὰ τῶν πολεμίων ἰθύνων ἐτέλεσε, τοῦ θεοῦ ἐκδικοῦντος αὐτόν, καὶ μάχας ἀναριθμήτους καὶ νίκας ἀπίστους ἐδέξατο, πολλοὺς βαρβάρους διαφόρως ἀνελών. Οὐάλης δὲ ὁ θεῖος ὁ σὸς τὸν θεὸν διασπαράττων ἐμίανε τὴν ἐκκλησίαν ὁ βέβηλος διὰ τῆς σφαγῆς τῶν ἁγίων καὶ ἐξορίας τῶν ἱερέων. ὃς τῇ τοῦ θεοῦ βουλήσει ὑπὸ τῶν Γότθων πολιορκηθεὶς ἐκαύθη. ὀρθῶς τὸν Χριστὸν σέβει ὁ ἀδίκως σε ἐκβαλών. ἡ σὴ ἀπιστία Μαξίμῳ εὐχέρειαν συνήνεγκεν. εἰ τὸν Χριστὸν βλάπτομεν, τίνα παρακαλέσομεν μαχόμενοι; ταῦτα καὶ πλείω τούτων νουθετήσας Θεοδόσιος Οὐαλεντινιανὸν εἰς τὴν ὀρθὴν πίστιν μετήγαγεν.
Notes:
[1] Valentinan II, who succeeded his father and namesake Valentinian I (omicron 762) in 375 and reigned until his murder in 392. The present entry's material comes from George the Monk, Chronicon 565.6-566.15.
[2] Valentinian was expelled by Maximus (mentioned below), who in 387 invaded Italy. Valentinian and his mother asked for help at the court of Theodosius, Emperor of the East; cf. next note.
[3] Flavius Theodosius, known as Theodosius the Great; see theta 144.
[4] Flavius Valerius Constantinus (kappa 2285); he was considered the most important emperor of Late Antiquity. Constantine’s "legalization and support of Christianity and his foundation of a ‘New Rome’ at Byzantium rank among the most momentous decisions ever made by a European ruler" (Hans A. Pohlsander at web address 1 below).
[5] Flavius Valens, brother of Valentinian I, became Emperor due to Valentinian I's favour. Valens' barbarous cruelty was proverbial as well as his warlike abilities. On Valens see omicron 764.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; politics; religion; women
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 16 July 2009@22:36:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 July 2009@06:03:23.
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 30 July 2013@09:01:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 August 2013@00:12:40.

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