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Headword: Ὀσφραντικόν
Adler number: omicron,721
Translated headword: capable of smelling, odor-sensitive, quick of scent
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The sense organ capable of smelling is the mastoid apophysis which is in front of the brain behind the bones of the same shape as if facing inside. But the apprehension of smells occurs through the smell-transmission power of the air.[1]
For smell-transmission is the transporting faculty of things that can be smelled in Theophrastus, [and] the sense organ is not the nose but the mastoid apophysis or prominence of the brain.[2]
"[He] lay down smelling". For those being released from fear cease their distress by smelling; and the distress comes on them out of the heart.[3]
Greek Original:
Ὀσφραντικόν: ὀσφραντικὸν αἰσθητήριόν ἐστιν ἡ κατὰ τὰ ἐμπρόσθια τοῦ ἐγκεφάλου μαστοειδὴς ἀπόφυσις μετὰ τὰ ὁμοιοειδῆ ὀστέα ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ ἔνδον. γίνεται δὲ ἡ ἀντίληψις τῶν ὀσμῶν διὰ τῆς διόσμου τοῦ ἀέρος δυνάμεως. καὶ γὰρ δίοσμός ἐστιν ἡ διαπορθμευτικὴ δύναμις τῶν ὀσφραντῶν παρὰ Θεοφράστῳ, οὐκ ἔστι δὲ ἡ ῥὶς τὸ αἰσθητήριον, ἀλλ' ἡ μαστοειδὴς τοῦ ἐγκεφάλου ἀπόφυσις ἢ ἀπόθεσις. κατέκειτ' ὀσφραινόμενος. οἱ γὰρ ὑπὸ φόβου ἐκλυόμενοι ὀσφρήσει τὸν πόνον παύουσιν: ὁ δὲ πόνος αὐτοῖς ἐκ καρδίας γίνεται.
Notes:
cf. generally omicron 722.
[1] John Philoponus, Commentary on Aristotle's de anima 392.31-33, 393.12-13 (Hayduck).
[2] From delta 1211.
[3] An approximation of Aristophanes, Frogs 489, (which has ἄν : 'he would have...'), with comment from the scholia there.
Keywords: comedy; definition; ethics; medicine; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 20 May 2005@02:18:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 20 May 2005@03:25:01.
David Whitehead (x-ref; cosmetics) on 30 July 2013@06:12:28.

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