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Headword: Ὀστρακισμὸς
Adler number: omicron,717
Translated headword: ostracism
Vetting Status: high
[Ostracism] differs from exile,[1] because the properties of those condemned to exile are confiscated, whereas the [sc. Athenian] people does not take away the possessions of those whose departure is the result of ostracism; also, for the [ostracized] a time and a place is specified,[2] whereas exiles have neither of these.[3]
[It is on record] that Kimon was ostracized after bedding his sister Elpinike and being criticized [for it] to the citizens.[4]
Greek Original:
Ὀστρακισμὸς φυγῆς διαφέρει, ὅτι τῶν μὲν φυγῆς ἁλόντων αἱ οὐσίαι δημεύονται, τῶν δὲ ὀστρακισμῷ ἀποστάντων οὐκ ἀφαιρεῖται τὰ χρήματα ὁ δῆμος: καὶ τοῖς μὲν χρόνος ἐνδείκνυται καὶ τόπος, οἱ δὲ φεύγοντες οὐδέτερον τούτων ἔχουσιν. ὅτι Κίμων τῇ ἀδελφῇ Ἑλπινίκῃ συγκοιμηθεὶς καὶ διαβληθεὶς πρὸς τοὺς πολίτας ἐξωστρακίσθη.
For ostracism see OCD4 s.v. and already omicron 716. (In the Vaticanus 1296 ms, in fact, 716 and 717 form a single entry.) LSJ entries at web addresses 1 & 2.
[1] So again phi 812.
[2] Time: leave within 10 days and stay away 10 years (after which return/rehabiliation was possible and legitimate: witness Kimon, about to be mentioned, who left Athens in 461 BCE and returned -- to favour and to office -- in 451). Place: between 481/0 and an indeterminable date thereafter (perhaps not long after, if this was a Persian-War emergency measure) the ostracized had not merely to leave Athens but stay well outside it. See ?Aristotle, Ath.Pol. 22.8, with P.J. Rhodes, A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia (Oxford 1981) 282; T.J. Figueira, GRBS 28 (1987) 281-305.
[3] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Wasps 947, where Thoukydides the 'exile' (in fact he was ostracized) is mentioned.
[4] So already alpha 3563 and kappa 1621; see the note to the latter.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; history; law; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 5 July 2001@03:45:51.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links) on 5 July 2001@13:35:13.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 August 2009@10:20:46.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 24 March 2011@06:52:58.
David Whitehead on 30 July 2013@04:16:55.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:27:29.


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