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Headword: Ὀστρακισμὸς
Adler number: omicron,717
Translated headword: ostracism
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Ostracism] differs from exile,[1] because the properties of those condemned to exile are confiscated, whereas the [sc. Athenian] people does not take away the possessions of those whose departure is the result of ostracism; also, for the [ostracized] a time and a place is specified,[2] whereas exiles have neither of these.[3]
[It is on record] that Kimon was ostracized after bedding his sister Elpinike and being criticized [for it] to the citizens.[4]
Greek Original:
Ὀστρακισμὸς φυγῆς διαφέρει, ὅτι τῶν μὲν φυγῆς ἁλόντων αἱ οὐσίαι δημεύονται, τῶν δὲ ὀστρακισμῷ ἀποστάντων οὐκ ἀφαιρεῖται τὰ χρήματα ὁ δῆμος: καὶ τοῖς μὲν χρόνος ἐνδείκνυται καὶ τόπος, οἱ δὲ φεύγοντες οὐδέτερον τούτων ἔχουσιν. ὅτι Κίμων τῇ ἀδελφῇ Ἑλπινίκῃ συγκοιμηθεὶς καὶ διαβληθεὶς πρὸς τοὺς πολίτας ἐξωστρακίσθη.
Notes:
For ostracism see OCD4 s.v. and already omicron 716. (In the Vaticanus 1296 ms, in fact, 716 and 717 form a single entry.) LSJ entries at web addresses 1 & 2.
[1] So again phi 812.
[2] Time: leave within 10 days and stay away 10 years (after which return/rehabiliation was possible and legitimate: witness Kimon, about to be mentioned, who left Athens in 461 BCE and returned -- to favour and to office -- in 451). Place: between 481/0 and an indeterminable date thereafter (perhaps not long after, if this was a Persian-War emergency measure) the ostracized had not merely to leave Athens but stay well outside it. See ?Aristotle, Ath.Pol. 22.8, with P.J. Rhodes, A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia (Oxford 1981) 282; T.J. Figueira, GRBS 28 (1987) 281-305.
[3] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Wasps 947, where Thoukydides the 'exile' (in fact he was ostracized) is mentioned.
[4] So already alpha 3563 and kappa 1621; see the note to the latter.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; history; law; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 5 July 2001@03:45:51.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added links) on 5 July 2001@13:35:13.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 August 2009@10:20:46.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 24 March 2011@06:52:58.
David Whitehead on 30 July 2013@04:16:55.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:27:29.

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