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Headword: Ὀσροήνη
Adler number: omicron,707
Translated headword: Osrhoene, Osroene
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Name of a city,[1] or of a place.[2]
Also [sc. attested is] Osrhoes, a proper name.[3]
Greek Original:
Ὀσροήνη: ὄνομα πόλεως, ἢ τόπου. καὶ Ὀσρόης, ὄνομα κύριον.
Notes:
[1] No 'city' called Osrhoene is known. Rather, the region of Osrhoene (see below) had as its capital the city of Edessa, present-day Urhai. The city was also called 'Orroene' in Greek, 'Orrei/Orrhei' in Latin. See OCD4 Edessa.
[2] Osrhoene was a region of NW Mesopotamia (present-day Syria/Turkey). It broke away from the Seleucids around 100 BCE and was a buffer state between the Roman and Parthian empires, but eventually became Roman. Cf. phi 827, and see generally OCD4 Osroene.
[3] Osrhoes was an Iranian name. Besides the eponymous founder of Osrhoene, it was most famously borne by the Parthian king Osrhoes (109-128) who was at war with Trajan and at peace with Hadrian. See alpha 3128.
Keywords: biography; definition; geography; history
Translated by: David Whitehead on 3 July 2001@03:50:12.
Vetted by:
Nicholas Fincher (Added headword, expanded note) on 30 July 2003@17:35:11.
David Whitehead (added x-refs; cosmetics) on 31 July 2003@02:54:27.
David Whitehead on 28 July 2011@08:11:09.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:24:42.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:26:35.

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