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Headword: Ὀρχάδες
Adler number: omicron,665
Translated headword: Orchades, Orkades, Orkneys
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[The names of certain] islands near Ocean.
Greek Original:
Ὀρχάδες: νῆσοι περὶ τὸν Ὠκεανόν.
Notes:
Known to (e.g.) Pliny, Natural History 4.103 (web address 1). The name derives from Celtic orci, piglets.
cf. Eutropius, Breviarium 7.13, where it is asserted that Claudius absorbed the Orchades/Orkades into the Roman Empire. (If this outlandish claim goes back to Claudius himself, it has been suggested that Tacitus, Agricola 10.4 [web address 2] is a riposte to it; cf. also Juvenal, Satires 2.160-1 [web address 3].)
For 'Ocean' cf. omega 43, omega 44.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 16 April 2003@09:27:24.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 17 April 2003@00:14:28.
David Whitehead (x-refs) on 8 June 2004@07:02:53.
David Whitehead on 28 July 2011@08:08:02.
David Whitehead on 23 July 2013@05:41:43.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 23 July 2013@23:23:42.
David Whitehead on 27 July 2013@09:12:16.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 27 July 2013@22:32:50.
Catharine Roth (another link) on 28 July 2013@11:41:20.
David Whitehead (another headword; more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 July 2013@12:21:34.

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