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Headword: Ὀρρωδεῖ
Adler number: omicron,631
Translated headword: dreads
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning he/she/it] fears.[1]
Properly ὀρρωδεῖν [refers] to irrational animals' fear. It is formed from indicating fear by shaking the tail [οὐρά ]; or from hiding the genitals with this part in the condition of fear; or because the buttocks [ὄρρος ][2] of those who are afraid are the first [part] to sweat. The [verb] ὀρρωδεῖν [3] [comes] from ὄρρος , which is the part between the buttocks of a pigeon. For the part tends to tremble.[4]
Greek Original:
Ὀρρωδεῖ: φοβεῖται. κυρίως μὲν ὀρρωδεῖν ἐπὶ τοῦ τῶν ἀλόγων δέους. πεποίηται δὲ παρὰ τὸ σείοντα τὴν οὐρὰν δηλοῦν τὸ δέος: ἢ παρὰ τὸ ἐγκρύπτειν τῷ μέρει τούτῳ τὰ αἰδοῖα κατὰ τὴν τοῦ δέους διάθεσιν: ἢ ὅτι τῶν φοβουμένων εἴωθεν ὁ ὄρρος πρῶτος ἱδροῦν. ἔστι τὸ ὀρρωδεῖν ἀπὸ τοῦ ὄρρου, ὅ ἐστι μεσοπύγιον τῆς περιστερᾶς. ἔστι γὰρ τρομερὸν τὸ μέρος.
Notes:
See also omicron 632.
[1] Likewise in other lexica; references at Photius omicron523. The headword -- present indicative active, third person singular, of this verb -- must be quoted from somewhere.
[2] The manuscripts here read ὅρος 'boundary' but the editio princeps of Demetrius Chalcocondyles (1499) corrected it to ὄρρος .
[3] The manuscripts read φοβεῖσθαι 'to fear', which the editio princeps corrected to ὀρρωδεῖν .
[4] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 122, where ὀρρωδῶ occurs; cf. scholion on Knights 126, where ὀρρωδῶν occurs.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; medicine; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 11 May 2010@01:34:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (additions to notes; cosmetics) on 11 May 2010@03:14:46.
Catharine Roth (expanded notes) on 11 May 2010@21:51:15.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 July 2013@03:31:40.
Catharine Roth (my typo) on 19 May 2015@01:16:13.

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