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Headword: Ὁρμητήριον
Adler number: omicron,602
Translated headword: base of operations, stimulant, incentive, motivation
Vetting Status: high
Polybius [writes]: "having seized the fortress in the opening phases of the war, the Pannonians[1] had made it a base of operations and had drawn matériel from among the spoils."[2]
A base of operations is [a place] from which they will come out to fight equipped with things for war.
Greek Original:
Ὁρμητήριον: Πολύβιος: τὸ δὲ φρούριον οἱ Παννόνιοι καταρχὰς τοῦ πολέμου λαβόντες ὁρμητήριον ἐπεποίηντο καὶ εἰς ὑποδοχὴν τῶν λαφύρων ἐξῃρήκεσαν. ἔστι δὲ ὁρμητήριον, ὅθεν τὰ πρὸς τὸν πόλεμον ἐξαρτύοντες ἐξίασι μαχεσόμενοι.
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is a neuter noun in the nominative (and vocative and accusative) singular; see LSJ s.v. and cf. ps.-Zonaras 1468. Adler also cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 514.
[1] Named for 'a group of Illyrian peoples who had absorbed Celtic influences to varying degrees' (OCD(4) s.v.), the Roman province of Pannonia (founded in 9 CE) lay south and west of the middle Danube region (Barrington Atlas map 20 grids C3-E4), roughly in what now occupies parts of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Serbia; cf. pi 206, pi 879, and eta 277. In her critical apparatus, Adler notes an alternative spelling in mss GSM, Πανόννιοι , for the name of the ethnic group, i.e. the entity relevant to the present entry; but for the regular spelling cf. the toponym under alpha 527 and nu 561.
[2] Polybius fr. 64 (Büttner-Wobst). The fragment is unplaced, and its attribution to Polybius is uncertain (Büttner-Wobst, p. 523; Walbank, p. 748). The compound ἐξῃρήκεσαν is indeed unlikely (Walbank, ibid.), and, as Adler notes, Hultsch suggested ἐξηρτύκεσαν (they had fitted up) as an alternative (Hultsch, p. 555).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, Teubner: Leipzig, 1904
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979
F.O. Hultsch, The Histories of Polybius, vol. 2, E.S. Shuckburgh, trans., London: Macmillan and Company, 1889
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 25 August 2009@20:18:13.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 26 August 2009@16:17:45.
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 August 2009@05:31:25.
David Whitehead (tweaked n.1) on 18 July 2013@03:37:15.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:22:03.


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