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Headword: Ὁρμητήριον
Adler number: omicron,602
Translated headword: base of operations, stimulant, incentive, motivation
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Polybius [writes]: "having seized the fortress in the opening phases of the war, the Pannonians[1] had made it a base of operations and had drawn matériel from among the spoils."[2]
A base of operations is [a place] from which they will come out to fight equipped with things for war.
Greek Original:
Ὁρμητήριον: Πολύβιος: τὸ δὲ φρούριον οἱ Παννόνιοι καταρχὰς τοῦ πολέμου λαβόντες ὁρμητήριον ἐπεποίηντο καὶ εἰς ὑποδοχὴν τῶν λαφύρων ἐξῃρήκεσαν. ἔστι δὲ ὁρμητήριον, ὅθεν τὰ πρὸς τὸν πόλεμον ἐξαρτύοντες ἐξίασι μαχεσόμενοι.
Notes:
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is a neuter noun in the nominative (and vocative and accusative) singular; see LSJ s.v. and cf. ps.-Zonaras 1468. Adler also cites Lexicon Ambrosianum 514.
[1] Named for 'a group of Illyrian peoples who had absorbed Celtic influences to varying degrees' (OCD(4) s.v.), the Roman province of Pannonia (founded in 9 CE) lay south and west of the middle Danube region (Barrington Atlas map 20 grids C3-E4), roughly in what now occupies parts of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia, and Serbia; cf. pi 206, pi 879, and eta 277. In her critical apparatus, Adler notes an alternative spelling in mss GSM, Πανόννιοι , for the name of the ethnic group, i.e. the entity relevant to the present entry; but for the regular spelling cf. the toponym under alpha 527 and nu 561.
[2] Polybius fr. 64 (Büttner-Wobst). The fragment is unplaced, and its attribution to Polybius is uncertain (Büttner-Wobst, p. 523; Walbank, p. 748). The compound ἐξῃρήκεσαν is indeed unlikely (Walbank, ibid.), and, as Adler notes, Hultsch suggested ἐξηρτύκεσαν (they had fitted up) as an alternative (Hultsch, p. 555).
References:
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, Teubner: Leipzig, 1904
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979
F.O. Hultsch, The Histories of Polybius, vol. 2, E.S. Shuckburgh, trans., London: Macmillan and Company, 1889
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 25 August 2009@20:18:13.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 26 August 2009@16:17:45.
David Whitehead (x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 31 August 2009@05:31:25.
David Whitehead (tweaked n.1) on 18 July 2013@03:37:15.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:22:03.

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