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Headword: Ὀρεύς
Adler number: omicron,552
Translated headword: mules
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] half-donkeys.[1]
The nominative [singular is] ὀρεύς ["mule"].[2]
Greek Original:
Ὀρεῖς: τοὺς ἡμιόνους. ἡ εὐθεῖα Ὀρεύς.
Notes:
[1] The headword, accusative plural, is evidently quoted from somewhere. Same gloss in Photius (omicron458 Theodoridis); cf. Harpokration (on ὀρικά ), a scholion on Plato, Lysis 208A, and Hesychius omicron1170. According to Chantraine, ὀρεύς (epic/Ionic οὐρεύς ) etymologically means the animal that makes a furrow (ὅρος ), mules being preferred to oxen for plowing. A folk etymology connects the word with ὄρος "mountain"; this may account for the smooth breathing of the Attic ὀρεύς .
[2] Similar notes in ps.-Herodian and Pollux. See also omicron 532.
Reference:
P. Chantraine, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque, ed. 2 (Paris 2009) 788-9
Keywords: agriculture; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 15 January 2010@01:01:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; cosmetics) on 15 January 2010@03:18:11.
Catharine Roth (expanded note, added cross-reference) on 18 January 2010@00:47:05.
David Whitehead (small expansions in notes) on 8 July 2013@03:27:52.

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