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Headword: Ὀργή
Adler number: omicron,513
Translated headword: anger
Vetting Status: high
[Note] that what follows something [is] not a genus. At any rate pain does not follow anger, certainly not as a genus; for anger [is] not a pain; that is why pain, the one existing accompanied by anger, does not exist; because anger exists, but it is present in pain, for pain is prior to anger. For someone who is in pain is angry on the basis of having suffered injustice. But the genus [is] not such a thing, insofar as it temporally preexists the form.[1] Anger is a pain accompanied by the belief that [one] has been belittled; accordingly the pain which is produced on account of such a belief is anger.[2]
Greek Original:
Ὀργή: ὅτι οὐ τὸ παρακολουθοῦν τινι γένος. τῇ γοῦν ὀργῇ παρακολουθεῖ λύπη, οὐ μὴν ὡς γένος: οὐ γὰρ ἡ ὀργὴ λύπη, οὐδὲ διὰ τοῦτό ἐστιν ἡ λύπη ἡ μετὰ τῆς ὀργῆς οὖσα, διότι ἡ ὀργή ἐστιν, ἀλλ' ἐπὶ τῇ λύπῃ ἡ ὀργή: προτέρα γὰρ ἡ λύπη τῆς ὀργῆς: λυπηθεὶς γάρ τις ὡς ἠδικημένος ὀργίζεται. οὐ τοιοῦτον δὲ τὸ γένος ὡς προϋπάρχον χρόνῳ τοῦ εἴδους. ὀργὴ δέ ἐστι λύπη μεθ' ὑπολήψεως τοῦ ὠλιγωρῆσθαι: ἡ τοίνυν διὰ τὴν τοιαύτην ὑπόληψιν γενομένη λύπη ὀργή ἐστιν.
For this headword see also omicron 514.
[1] Taken (with slight variations) from Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 345.20-26. See also next note.
[2] Alexander 492.8-10. Although this is not Aristotle's canonical definition of anger (for which see Rhetoric 1378a30-31: 'a desire accompanied by pain to vengeance due to a conspicuous belittling'), it is Aristotelian in character. For Aristotle an emotion would not be such an emotion without the belief on the part of the agent that s/he is somehow being affected. This clearly shows that the agent must know, to some extent, that s/he has been despised or dishonored; it also shows that emotions have a cognitive origin, that cognition should not be dissociated from emotion, and that emotion affects judgment (cf. Rhetoric 1356a15-16 and 1378a19-24).
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 8 July 2003@09:11:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 8 July 2003@09:18:31.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaking) on 7 July 2013@06:40:29.
David Whitehead (coding) on 20 May 2016@03:44:05.


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