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Headword: Ὁδός
Adler number: omicron,47
Translated headword: road
Vetting Status: high
Demosthenes in the [speech] Against Aristokrates [writes]: "or having taken on [the] road", meaning in a trap and ambush.[1] Likewise the Homeric phrase "whether to go on [the] road".[2] If the first syllable is smoothed, [the word] means a threshold.[3]
Greek Original:
Ὁδός: Δημοσθένης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Ἀριστοκράτους: ἢ ἐν ὁδῷ καθελών. ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐν λόχῳ καὶ ἐνέδρᾳ. τοιοῦτον δὲ καὶ τὸ Ὁμηρικόν: ἢ ὁδὸν ἐλθέμεναι. εἰ δὲ ψιλωθείη ἡ προτέρα συλλαβή, σημαίνει τὸν βαθμόν.
Abridged from Harpokration (and Photius) s.v.
[1] Demosthenes 23.53.
[2] Homer, Iliad 1.151.
[3] As (says Harpok.) in Lysias fr. 237 Sauppe (now 291 Carey OCT) -- but the observation appears confused. It probably arises from the curious use of ἀρισφαλέ'... οὐδός with a smooth breathing at Homer, Odyssey 17.196. This unparallelled use is usually taken as a form of ἡ ὁδός 'way', but the Suda might indicate that its meaning in that context is, more correctly, 'threshold'. One word in Greek for 'threshold' is in fact ὁ οὑδός (in Attic ὁδός : see LSJ s.v. and omicron 46), but this masculine word has the rough breathing. There is a third word to take into account in discussing this confusion: τὸ οὔδας 'surface, earthen floor of a house'. This word is not, however, acceptable in the Odyssey passage, where the agreeing adjective is not neuter.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 December 2000@03:22:05.
Vetted by:
Robert Dyer (Slight correction in translation, altered and extended note 3, raised status, added keywords) on 10 December 2002@04:06:02.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 10 December 2002@04:16:22.
David Whitehead (updated notes) on 13 July 2011@03:35:40.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 21 June 2013@05:44:06.


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