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Headword: Ὄπιμα
Adler number: omicron,453
Translated headword: opima
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"Crassus,[1] having killed the king of the Daldi,[2] dedicated the spoils to Zeus [as] opima." The word [is] Latin.[3]
Greek Original:
Ὄπιμα: ὁ δὲ Κράσσος τὸν βασιλέα Δάλδων ἀποκτείνας τὰ σκῦλα τῷ Διὶ̈ ὄπιμα ἀνέθηκε. Ῥωμαϊκὴ ἡ λέξις.
Notes:
[1] Not the celebrated "triumvir" Marcus Licinius Crassus Dives, 115-53 BCE, but his grandson of the same name (consul in 30 BCE). This identification is guaranteed because the episode in question here is on record: see further, next note.
[2] The Daldi (Daldes?) are unknown. There was a city called Daldis in Lydia (in ancient Asia Minor: see alpha 4025 and delta 30), but it would have long been under Greek and then Roman domination in Crassus' day. Thus Δάλδων here appears to be textually corrupt. In the 1544 Basel edition of the Suda Γάλλον - "a Gallic king" - was suggested (and the Roman's name became Κόσσος , i.e. Cossus). However, no such resort is needed because this episode is on record elsewhere, notably in Cassius Dio 51.24.4 (see in brief R. Syme, The Roman Revolution (Oxford 1939) 308-9), which C. Theodoridis in his Photius edition (vol.II p.LXXXIX) very plausibly identifies as the Suda's source. The victim was a king of the Thracian Bastarnae, called Deldo; his conqueror Crassus -- see the preceding note -- claimed the spolia opima but antagonized Octavian in doing so, and eventually (pace the present entry) had to settle for "the bare distinction of a triumph" (Syme).
[3] If a Roman commander with imperium killed an enemy king in hand-to-hand combat, he was allowed the rare honor of dedicating the spolia opima to Jupiter Feretrius. Cf. Livy 1.10; Plutarch, Romulus 16. The Latin adjective means "rich" or "plump." See further OCD4 s.v. (p.1394).
Keywords: biography; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 21 May 2001@16:30:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified and augmented notes; cosmetics) on 22 May 2001@03:35:25.
David Whitehead (added keyword; further cosmetics) on 4 July 2001@03:37:04.
Catharine Roth (minor cosmetics) on 14 May 2008@12:02:16.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 15 May 2008@02:53:40.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 15 May 2008@15:03:51.
David Whitehead (addition to n.2; cosmetics) on 11 October 2011@06:53:55.
David Whitehead on 5 July 2013@03:41:19.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 6 August 2014@03:15:55.

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