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Headword: Ὀξυθύμια
Adler number: omicron,425
Translated headword: gallows-refuse
Vetting Status: high
Hyperides in the [speech] Against Demades [says]: "concerning which, the stele would have been far more justly set up amongst the gallows-refuse than amongst our shrines".[1] Some, including Aristarchus, maintain that oxythymia is the term applied to the wooden [gallows] from which certain people are hanged, [the term deriving] from being quick [oxys] to anger [thymos]; these [gallows] they cut down and root out and burn. But Didymus asserts that oxythymia is the name for refuse and filth; for [he says that] this is taken out to crossroads whenever they purify houses.
Greek Original:
Ὀξυθύμια: Ὑπερίδης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Δημάδου φησί: περὶ οὗ πολλῷ ἂν δικαιότερον ἐν τοῖς ὀξυθύμοις ἡ στήλη σταθείη ἢ ἐν τοῖς ἡμετέροις ἱεροῖς. ἔνιοι μέν, ὧν ἐστι καὶ Ἀρίσταρχος, ὀξυθύμια λέγεσθαί φασι τὰ ξύλα, ἀφ' ὧν ἀπάγχονταί τινες, ἀπὸ τοῦ ὀξέως τῷ θυμῷ χρῆσθαι, ταῦτα δὲ ἐκκόπτοντες ἐξορίζουσι καὶ καίουσι. Δίδυμος δέ φησιν ὀξυθύμια τὰ καθάρματα λέγεσθαι καὶ ἀπολύματα: ταῦτα γὰρ ἀποφέρεσθαι εἰς τὰς τριόδους, ὅταν τὰς οἰκίας καθαίρωσιν.
For this headword see already omicron 424. The present entry abridges Harpokration (and Photius) s.v.
[1] Hyperides fr. 79 Jensen.
Robert Parker, Miasma (Oxford 1983) 30
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 December 2000@06:30:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 29 September 2002@23:47:16.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 30 September 2002@03:19:13.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 7 January 2010@07:34:46.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 July 2011@05:42:58.


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