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Headword: Ὄνειρον
Adler number: omicron,345
Translated headword: dream
Vetting Status: high
[A dream] differs from a vision-in-sleep [ἐνύπνιον ];[1] for it is something else and not the same. And yet calling a dream a vision-in-sleep would be fine; but when someone speaks technically, he must use each word in its proper sense, and the one [which is] unimportant and does not foretell anything, being powerful only during sleep, and coming into being because of an irrational desire or an exceeding fear or satiety or poverty, must be called ἐνύπνιον , whereas the other which is still effective and probable after the sleep is a good or bad dream. In many cases [sc. both of] the nouns must be used, just as Homer [says]: "a dream from heaven came to me in my sleep".[2]
Greek Original:
Ὄνειρον ἐνυπνίου διαφέρει: ἕτερον γάρ ἐστι καὶ οὐ ταὐτό. ἀλλὰ καὶ τὸ ὄνειρον καὶ ἐνύπνιον καλῶς εἴποι τις ἄν: ὅταν δὲ τεχνικῶς λέγῃ τις, κυρίως ἕκαστον χρὴ καλεῖν, καὶ τὸ μὲν ἀσήμαντον καὶ οὐδενὸς προαγορευτικόν, ἀλλ' ἐν μόνῳ τῷ ὕπνῳ τὴν δύναμιν ἔχον, γινόμενον δὲ ἐξ ἐπιθυμίας ἀλόγου ἢ ὑπερβάλλοντος φόβου ἢ πλησμονῆς ἢ ἐνδείας, ἐνύπνιον χρὴ καλεῖν, τὸ δὲ μετὰ τὸν ὕπνον ἐνέργεια ὂν καὶ ἀποβησόμενόν ἐστιν ἀγαθὸν ἢ κακὸν ὄνειρον. πολλάκις δὲ καταχρηστέον τοῖς ὀνόμασιν, ὡς καὶ Ὅμηρος: θεῖός μοι ἐνύπνιον ἦλθεν ὄνειρος.
From Artemidorus, Onirocriticon, prologue to book 4.
[1] On ἐνύπνιον see epsilon 1503, iota 165; also delta 410, kappa 1086, omicron 346, omicron 349 and omicron 350; cf. Orion [Author, Myth], Hesychius, Etymologicum Gudianum and Etymologicum Magnum s.v.
[2] Homer, Iliad 2.56 (web address 1) and Odyssey 14.495 (web address 2); see also the corresponding scholia.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dreams; economics; epic; ethics
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 28 August 2007@09:51:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics; supplied primary note) on 28 August 2007@10:17:55.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 3 July 2013@00:11:27.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 3 July 2013@03:45:30.
David Whitehead (codings) on 19 May 2016@10:49:40.


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