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Headword: Ὀνείατα
Adler number: omicron,334
Translated headword: goods
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] not particularly 'foodstuffs', as the lexicographers [say], but all things that that provide benefit. Homer [writes]: "[you] leading goods."[1] He did not say 'carrying'; for he was not lifting them.[2]
Greek Original:
Ὀνείατα: οὐ πάντως βρώματα, ὡς οἱ γλωσσογράφοι, ἀλλὰ πάντα τὰ εἰς ὄνησιν ἐπιτήδεια. Ὅμηρος: ὀνείατ' ἄγοντα. οὐκ εἶπε δὲ φέροντα: οὐδὲ γὰρ ἐβάσταζεν.
Notes:
The headword, evidently extracted from the quotation given, is a neuter noun (LSJ's sense I of omicron 333) in the accusative plural. The headword is the word in its entirety, while in almost all cases in Homer, including the quotation given, the final alpha is elided, yielding ὀνείατ' in the quotation given, and ὀνείαθ' fourteen times in the formulaic phrase οἱ δ' ἐπ' ὀνείαθ' ἑτοῖμα προκείμενα χεῖρας ἴαλλον ("and they threw their hands upon the ready goods that were lying before them"): e.g. Iliad 9.19; Odyssey 15.142. The unelided form only occurs twice in Homer: Odyssey 10.9 and 15.316.
[1] A phrase from Homer, Iliad 24.367. The rest of the gloss is derived from Aristonicus' commentary on that passage; cf. Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon (121.23), Hesychius omicron862, Etymologicum Gudianum 429.423, Etymologicum Magnum 626.3.
[2] The first 'he' in this sentence refers to Homer, the second 'he' to Homer's character Priam.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; mythology; poetry
Translated by: William Hutton on 9 January 2010@17:08:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; tweaks) on 10 January 2010@05:30:57.
William Hutton on 10 January 2010@09:54:06.
David Whitehead (tweaked note) on 10 January 2010@10:37:47.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 2 July 2013@03:40:54.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 17 April 2015@01:16:53.

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