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Headword: Ὄγχναι
Adler number: omicron,27
Translated headword: pears
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] wild pears [achrades], or pears [apioi].
Greek Original:
Ὄγχναι: ἀχράδες, ἢ ἄπιοι.
Same or similar entry in other lexica; see the references at Photius omicron24 Theodoridis. The second of the glosses comes from the scholia to Homer, Odyssey 7.115, from where the headword is quoted.
The ἄπιος is the common pear (pyrus communis, alpha 3194, alpha 3195, alpha 3197) of which the ὄγχνη is a variety. Compare Theophrastus, Enquiry into Plants 2.5.6, where the ὄγχνη is associated with cultivated trees. The ἀχράς , as also the ἄχερδος , is the wild pear (pyrus amygdaliformis or spinosa), usually planted as a defensive hedge in ancient Greece, but also eaten. See, for example, Eumaeus' farm at Homer, Odyssey 14.10 (web address 1); also also alpha 4713.
Dalby, A. Siren Feasts. London: Routledge: 1996, pp.38-39; 79-80
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; definition; epic; food
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 28 February 2003@23:41:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; cosmetics) on 2 March 2003@05:37:05.
Catharine Roth (modified betacode, added cross-references) on 2 March 2003@19:43:27.
Catharine Roth on 2 March 2003@19:44:50.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 21 June 2013@04:58:38.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 22 June 2013@15:19:16.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 26 November 2014@00:02:10.


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