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Headword: Ὄχλου
Adler number: omicron,1057
Translated headword: crowd's, mob's, throng's
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] aggravation's, disturbance's.[1]
"And in other respects he was obedient to his father [or: to the Father] and toward those making enquries and stirring up a crowd he was perfectly temperate and in control of his tongue."[2]
Polybius [writes]: "Flaminius was a consummate mob-courtier and demagogue."[3]
And elsewhere: "it was possible neither to closely examine the man, debilitated as he was with such an infirmity of the body, nor to question [him], from concern for the irritation [sc. that it might cause him]."[4]
Greek Original:
Ὄχλου: ἀγανακτήσεως, ταραχῆς. καὶ τὰ μὲν ἄλλα ἐπείθετο τῷ πατρὶ καὶ ἦν πρὸς τοὺς πυνθανομένους καὶ ὄχλον κινοῦντας εὖ μάλα ἐγκρατὴς καὶ γλώττης ἦρχε. Πολύβιος: ἦν δὲ ὀχλοκόπος ὁ Φλαμίνιος καὶ δημαγωγὸς τέλειος. καὶ αὖθις: οὔτε ἐξετάσαι τὸν ἄνθρωπον οἷόν τε ἦν ἀκριβῶς, ἀσθενείᾳ σώματος ὀχλούμενον, οὔτε ἐρωτᾶν, εὐλαβείᾳ τοῦ ὀχλώδους.
Notes:
The headword, evidently quoted from somewhere, is a masculine noun in the genitive singular; see LSJ s.v. ὄχλος, -ου, ὁ , and cf. omicron 1056 (for headword and gloss), omicron 1058.
[1] The first gloss is the genitive singular form of the feminine noun ἀγανάκτησις, -εως, ἡ (irritation, disorder); see LSJ s.v. The second gloss is the same form of the substantive ταραχή, -ῆς, ἡ (trouble, disorder, confusion); see LSJ s.v.
[2] Quotation (and individual) unidentifiable. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that ms V transmits ἐπέθετο .]
[3] Polybius 3.80.3 (web address 1); cf. delta 413. The popular leader Gaius Flaminius (d. 217 BCE; OCD(4) s.v. Flaminius(1) and phi 517) was re-elected consul in 217, but was killed along with some 15,000 of his men in an ambush orchestrated by Hannibal (OCD(4) s.v; alpha 2452; and Walbank, 410-20) during the Second Punic War (218-202) at Lake Trasimene, present-day Italy's Lago Trasimeno (Barrington Atlas map 42 grid C2, cf. alpha 3856 and lambda 383).
[4] Polybius fr. 188 Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (539) that Casaubon attributed this fragment to Polybius. Within Polybius' Histories this fragment is unplaced, and Schweighäuser was reluctant to attribute it to Polybius (ibid.). Indeed, the text has also been claimed as Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 241 Zintzen (143 Asmus, 97D Athanassiadi), where Isidore apparently forbids questioning the philosopher Marinos (Marinus, d. ca. 500 CE), who in 485 succeeded Proclus (cf. pi 2473) as head of the Academy in Athens; cf. mu 198, mu 199, alpha 157, theta 78, and PLRE II s.v. Marinus 3.
References:
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. I, (Oxford 1957)
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
P. Athanassiadi, ed. and trans., Damascius: The Philosophical History, (Athens 1999)
J.R. Martindale, The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, vol. II, (Cambridge 1980)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 10 September 2009@12:47:19.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 September 2009@08:21:04.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 14 November 2009@18:20:06.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 4 August 2013@05:53:19.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:37:11.
Ronald Allen (cosmetics n.3, n.4, and bibliography; expanded n.4) on 21 December 2018@00:29:13.

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