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Headword: *)=wxos
Adler number: omega,284
Translated headword: Okhos, Ochos, Ochus, Vahauka (Old Persian)
Vetting Status: high
Proper name.[1]
"[Artaxerxes] Ochos, after killing the Apis, wished to place it before the cooks for them to butcher and prepare it for dinner."[2]
Greek Original:
*)=wxos: o)/noma ku/rion. *)=wxos to\n *)/apin a)poktei/nas e)bou/leto au)to\n toi=s magei/rois parabalei=n, i(/na au)to\n kreourgh/swsi kai\ paraskeua/swsin e)pi\ dei=pnon.
[1] Attested as the original personal name of two Persian kings, who ruled under the respective throne-names of Darius II (423-404) and Artaxerxes III Ochos (359-338). RE 17.2, col.1768.
[2] Aelian fr. 40a Domingo-Forasté (37 Hercher), quoted from alpha 3201, q.v. See also kappa 181. The Apis was the sacred bull-calf worshipped as a divinity in Egypt. Between 343 and 341 Artaxerxes III re-conquered Egypt, which had enjoyed more than half a century of independence from Persia, and expelled Nektanebo II, the last native Egyptian pharaoh of the Thirtieth Dynasty. (For the chronology, see Cambridge Ancient History, 2nd ed., vol.V, pp. 358-60.) This story of Artaxerxes' sacrilege against the Apis bull is derived from a more famous tradition about Kambyses, the first Persian conqueror of Egypt (525), related in Herodotus 3.27-29.
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; food; historiography; history; military affairs; religion; zoology
Translated by: John Hyland on 23 May 2000@13:21:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords; cosmetics) on 8 September 2002@07:59:12.
Catharine Roth (added italics) on 4 July 2007@22:44:56.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 2) on 17 April 2011@22:20:41.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 28 July 2011@08:50:59.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 January 2015@00:55:01.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 20 March 2019@01:28:29.


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