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Headword: Ναυτοδίκαι
Adler number: nu,86
Translated headword: nautodikai
Vetting Status: high
[The name for] magistrates trying lawsuits which involved ship-owners[1] and those working in and around the port; just as nauphylakes are certain officials assigned to the security of the [war]ships.
The nautodikai were a particular magistracy in Athens. At any rate Krateros says: "if someone born from two foreign parents attempts to belong to a phratria, it is necessary for any Athenian who wants [sc. to do so] and has access to lawsuits to prosecute him; and to bring the case to the nautodikai on the last day of the month."[2]
"He would be enrolled into a phratry or phrateres or a phatria even if he might be an alien but born in wedlock, evidently as [someone] indigenous from the father [and] from the mother".[3]
Greek Original:
Ναυτοδίκαι: ἄρχοντες ἐπὶ τοῖς ναυκλήροις δικάζοντες καὶ τοῖς περὶ τὸ ἐμπόριον ἐργαζομένοις: ὡς καὶ ναυφύλακες ἄρχοντές τινες ἐπὶ τῆς τῶν νεῶν φυλακῆς. ἀρχή τις ἦν Ἀθήνησιν οἱ ναυτοδίκαι. Κρατερὸς γοῦν φησίν: ἐὰν δέ τις ἐξ ἀμφοῖν γενοῖν γεγονὼς φρατίζῃ, διώκειν δεῖ τῷ βουλομένῳ Ἀθηναίῳ, οἷς δίκαι εἰσί: λαγχάνειν δὲ τῇ ἔνῃ καὶ νέᾳ πρὸς τοὺς ναυτοδίκας. εἰς φρήτρην ἢ φράτορας ἢ φατρίαν ἐγγράφηται καὶ μὴ ξένος εἴη ἀλλ' ἠθαγενὴς δηλαδὴ ὡς αὐτόχθων ἔκ τε πατρὸς ἔκ τε μητρός.
The first paragraph here follows Photius nu61 Theodoridis; the second Harpokration s.v. (via Photius nu60 Theodoridis), commenting on Lysias 17.5 & 8.
[1] cf. nu 56.
[2] Krateros FGrH 342 F4 (from Book 4 of his work).
[3] From the margin of ms M. Source unidentifiable (and apparently garbled). For 'born in wedlock' see iota 231.
Ferguson, W.S., "The Attic Orgeones", Harvard Theological Review 37 (1944) 61-140
Andrewes, A., "Philochoros on phratries", Journal of Hellenic Studies 81 (1961) 1-15
Prandi, L., Ricerche sulla concessione della cittadinanza ateniese nel V sec. a.C., Milan, 1982
Lambert, S.D., The Phratries of Attica, Ann Arbor, 1993
Keywords: children; chronology; constitution; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; historiography; law; politics; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Andrea Consogno on 10 October 2005@13:56:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified aspects of translation; augmented and modified notes; cosmetics) on 11 October 2005@03:50:53.
David Whitehead (further modifications to translation; x-ref) on 11 October 2005@10:02:03.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 July 2011@08:42:04.
David Whitehead on 5 June 2013@04:48:19.


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