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Headword: Ναβουχοδονόσορ
Adler number: nu,7
Translated headword: Nabouchodonosor, Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadrezzar, Nabu-kudurri-usur
Vetting Status: high
King of Babylon, who founded the great and heart-stopping city of Babylon and designed above it the orchard (called the hanging gardens) and planted in it every sort of plant. His wife was delighted by strolling in it and surveying the whole land, herself seen by no one. Nebuchadnezzar passed through and said with great pretension and conceit: "is this not Babylon the great, which I fashioned for a royal house in the might of my strength for the honour of my reputation?" And as these words were still in his mouth, a voice came out of the sky: "I tell you Nebuchadnezzar, your kingdom has passed from you and I will drive you away from men and your dwelling will be among the beasts, and make you to eat hay like an ox and for seven years things will be different for you until you know this: that the Lord most high rules the kingdom of men and he will give it to whom he thinks fit." And in that hour the word came to pass for Nebuchadnezzar and he was banished from men and ate hay like an ox and his body was drenched in the dew of heaven until his hair grew long like a lion's and his nails like a bird's. After these things again he spoke of his re-establishment: "in that moment was my mind turned from myself and went to the honor of my kingdom, and my shape changed for me, and my nobles and my grandees[1] sought me out and I ruled my kingdom, and prodigious majesty was set upon me. Now then, I, Nebuchadnezzar, proclaim and exalt and recognize the king of heaven, for all his works are true and his ways are judgement, and he can lower all those who walk in arrogance." And Isaiah[2] speaks about him.
Greek Original:
Ναβουχοδονόσορ, βασιλεὺς Βαβυλῶνος, ὁ κτίσας τὴν Βαβυλῶνα πόλιν μεγάλην καὶ κινστέρναν καὶ ἐπάνω αὐτῆς κῆπον [τὸν κληθέντα κρεμαστόν] τεχνησάμενος καὶ καταφυτεύσας ἐν αὐτῷ παντοδαπὰ γένη φυτῶν. εἰς τοῦτον ἡ γυνὴ αὐτοῦ περιπολοῦσα καὶ πᾶσαν γῆν ἐκείνην ἐποπτεύουσα κατετέρπετο, ὑπ' οὐδενὸς ὁρωμένη. ὁ δὲ Ναβουχοδονόσορ διαπορευόμενος ἔφη μετὰ ἐπάρσεως πολλῆς καὶ ἀλαζονείας: οὐχ αὕτη ἐστὶ Βαβυλὼν ἡ μεγάλη, ἣν ἐγὼ εἰς οἶκον βασιλείας ἐν τῷ κράτει τῆς ἰσχύος μου εἰς τιμὴν τῆς δόξης μου ᾠκοδόμησα; καὶ ἔτι τοῦ λόγου ἐν τῷ στόματι αὐτοῦ ὄντος, φωνὴ ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ ἐγένετο: σοι λέγω, Ναβουχοδονόσορ: ἡ βασιλεία σου παρῆλθεν ἀπὸ σοῦ, καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν ἀνθρώπων ἐκδιώξω σε, καὶ μετὰ θηρίων ἡ κατοίκησίς σου, καὶ χόρτον ὡς βοῦν ψωμιοῦσί σε, καὶ ἑπτὰ καιροὶ ἀλλαγήσονται ἐπί σε, ἕως οὗ γνῷς, ὅτι κυριεύει ὁ ὕψιστος τῆς βασιλείας τῶν ἀνθρώπων καὶ ᾧ ἐὰν δόξῃ, δώσει αὐτήν. καὶ αὐτῇ τῇ ὥρᾳ ὁ λόγος συνετελέσθη ἐπὶ Ναβουχοδονόσορ καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν ἀνθρώπων ἐξεδιώχθη καὶ χόρτον ὡς βοῦς ἤσθιε καὶ ἀπὸ τῆς δρόσου τοῦ οὐρανοῦ τὸ σῶμα αὐτοῦ ἐβάφη, ἕως οὗ αἱ τρίχες αὐτοῦ ὡς λέοντος ἐμεγαλύνθησαν καὶ οἱ ὄνυχες ὡς ὀρνέου. μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα πάλιν φησὶν ὁ αὐτὸς περὶ τῆς αὑτοῦ ἀποκαταστάσεως: ἐν τῷ καιρῷ ἐκείνῳ αἱ φρένες μου ἐπεστράφησαν ἐπ' ἐμὲ καὶ εἰς τιμὴν τῆς βασιλείας μου ἦλθον, καὶ ἡ μορφή μου ἐπέστρεψεν ἐπ' ἐμέ, καὶ οἱ τύραννοί μου καὶ οἱ μεγιστᾶνές μου ἐζήτουν με, καὶ ἐπὶ τὴν βασιλείαν μου ἐκραταιώθην, καὶ μεγαλωσύνη περισσοτέρα προσετέθη μοι. νῦν οὖν ἐγὼ Ναβουχοδονόσορ αἰνῶ καὶ ὑπερυψῶ καὶ δοξάζω τὸν βασιλέα τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, ὅτι πάντα τὰ ἔργα αὐτοῦ ἀληθινὰ καὶ αἱ τρίβοι αὐτοῦ κρίσεις καὶ πάντας τοὺς πορευομένους ἐν ὑπερηφανίᾳ δύναται ταπεινῶσαι. καὶ Ἠσαί̈ας δὲ λέγει περὶ αὐτοῦ.
George the Monk, Chronicon 264.21-2, 265.8-266.22.
Jewish Encyclopedia entry at web address 1; Catholic Encyclopedia at web address 2.
[1] megistanes: cross-referenced at mu 400.
[2] eta 569.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; botany; Christianity; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; mythology; religion; science and technology; women; zoology
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 22 July 2000@01:31:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified translation, added note) on 4 December 2003@00:31:00.
David Whitehead (added x-ref and more keywords; cosmetics) on 4 December 2003@03:22:30.
Catharine Roth (added variant spellings, web links) on 4 December 2003@10:58:34.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 30 May 2013@06:23:10.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 November 2014@00:55:35.


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