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Headword: Νύξ
Adler number: nu,612
Translated headword: night
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The kindly time, and darkness.[1]
Night is the shadow of the earth, but not just any [shadow], but that which occurs with the sun as cause, because it is in the hemisphere below the earth, as [it appears] to those for whom it is night; just as an incontinent [man] is not one who is controlled by pleasure in general, but one [who is controlled] by a certain [pleasure].[2]
Greek Original:
Νύξ: εὐφρόνη, καὶ ἡ σκοτία. νύξ ἐστι σκιὰ γῆς, ἀλλ' οὐχ ἡ τυχοῦσα, ἀλλ' ἡ γινομένη παρὰ τὴν τοῦ ἡλίου αἰτίαν τῷ εἶναι αὐτὸν ἐν τῷ ὑπὸ γῆν, ὡς πρὸς τούτους παρ' οἷς ἐστιν ἡ νύξ, ἡμισφαιρίῳ. ὥσπερ οὐχ ὁ ὑφ' ὁποιασοῦν ἡδονῆς κρατούμενος ἀκρατής, ἀλλ' ὁ ὑπό τινος.
Notes:
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica (references at Photius nu296 Theodoridis). On εὐφρόνη , a poetic and Ionic euphemism for night, see epsilon 3811 and epsilon 3812.
[2] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 466.16-20 Wallies.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 6 August 2006@22:40:21.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 7 August 2006@03:35:36.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 June 2013@06:37:27.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@06:59:41.

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