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Headword: Ναυκραρία
Adler number: nu,57
Translated headword: naukrary, naucrary
Vetting Status: high
Demosthenes in the [speech] Against Timocrates [sc. uses the word].[1] But perhaps, in the Atticizing writers, it is better taken as ναυκρατιτικά ["of Naukratis"], so that [the adjective] would stem from a Naukratite vessel, or Naukratite voyagers. For Naukratis was, of old, a trading-post in Egypt. But if [the correct reading] is Ναυκραρικα , that would be "of the archons"; for long ago they used to call the archons ναύκραροι , as Herodotos shows in [book] five of his Histories.[2]
Perhaps the term ναυκραρικά comes from the tip [κραῖρα ] of a ship [ναῦς ].
Greek Original:
Ναυκραρία: Δημοσθένης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Τιμοκράτους. μήποτε δὲ βέλτιον φέρεται ἐν τοῖς Ἀττικιανοῖς Ναυκρατιτικά, ἵνα ᾖ ἀπὸ Ναυκρατιτικοῦ πλοίου, ἢ Ναυκρατιτῶν ἐμπλεόντων. ἡ γὰρ Ναύκρατις τοπαλαιὸν ἐμπόριον ἦν τῆς Αἰγύπτου. ἐὰν δὲ ᾖ Ναυκραρικά, εἴη ἂν τὰ τῶν ἀρχόντων. ναυκράρους γὰρ τοπαλαιὸν τοὺς ἄρχοντας ἔλεγον, ὡς καὶ Ἡρόδοτος ἐν ε# ἱστοριῶν δηλοῖ. ἴσως παρὰ τὴν τῆς νηὸς κραῖραν εἴρηται τὸ ναυκραρικά.
The first paragraph of this entry comes from Harpokration s.v. ναυκραρικά . In the Suda, as already in Photius (nu38 Theodoridis), the headword has become ναυκραρία , which makes less sense of the suggestion in the entry that the word be emended to Ναυκρατιτικά in Atticizing writers.
For Naukratis cf. nu 58.
[1] Demosthenes 24.11, where Ναυκρατικά -- see below -- is generally printed (web address 1).
[2] Herodotus 5.71.2 (web address 2).
OCD(4) 1001
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; rhetoric; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 December 2000@08:24:27.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (cosmetics, modified note, added links and keyword, set status) on 5 November 2003@11:40:39.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 November 2003@03:04:46.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 6 November 2003@03:05:45.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 24 October 2005@09:43:51.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@10:56:36.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 July 2011@08:31:24.
David Whitehead on 27 June 2014@06:49:31.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:12:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@03:18:06.


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