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Headword: Νῶροψ
Adler number: nu,561
Translated headword: gleaming
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] bright.[1]
The etymologists[2] [derive it] from the deprivation [νε- ] of the power of sight [ὁρᾶν ]. For they say that things that are really bright dazzle and disperse the power of sight, so that "gleaming bronze" [is] bronze which does not allow itself to be looked at. But Epaphroditos,[3] knowing that there is a city of Pannonia called Norakos,[4] the citizen of which [is] a Norakian, records that in Pannonia there occurs iron which is very bright when sharpened. Hence he says that bronze is spoken of as norops, as if one were to call it "Norakian".
Greek Original:
Νῶροψ: ὁ λαμπρός. οἱ μὲν ἐτυμολόγοι παρὰ τὴν στέρησιν τοῦ ὁρᾶν: ἀμαυροῖ γάρ, φασί, τὴν ὄψιν τὰ πάνυ λαμπρὰ καὶ διαχεῖ, ὥστε νῶροψ χαλκός, ὁ μὴ ἐῶν ὁρᾶν εἰς αὐτόν. Ἐπαφρόδιτος δὲ εἰδὼς Νώρακον πόλιν Παννονίας, ἧς ὁ πολίτης Νωράκιος, γίνεσθαι ἱστορεῖ ἐν Παννονίᾳ σίδηρον, ὃς ἀκονηθεὶς λαμπρότατός ἐστιν. ὅθεν καὶ νώροπά φησιν εἰρῆσθαι χαλκόν, ὡς εἴ τις εἴποι Νωράκιον.
Notes:
[1] Similar glossing in other lexica, including Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon, and in the scholia to Homer, Iliad 2.578 (web address 1) and 7.206.
[2] This supplementary part of the entry draws on Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Norakos.
[3] A grammarian, apparently a slave living in the time of Nero. All our knowledge of him is derived from epsilon 2004, which see and further references and bibliography there.
[4] Pannonia was a Roman province occupying roughly the western half of present-day Hungary, adjoining a separate kingdom or province, Noricum, occupying roughly modern Austria. Noricum was indeed famous for steel weapons: Horace, Odes 1.16.9 (web address 2), refers to "Noricus ensis" meaning a particularly sharp sword. As νῶροψ appears in Homer (see above) it is impossible that this etymology is correct. See also pi 206.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; history; medicine; poetry; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Robert Leigh on 9 September 2009@16:34:52.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 9 September 2009@20:08:02.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 September 2009@07:46:19.
David Whitehead (tweaked notes; cosmetics) on 18 June 2013@03:41:43.
Catharine Roth (supplemented note) on 18 September 2013@01:56:08.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 18 September 2013@02:00:44.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 April 2015@00:54:31.
Catharine Roth (re-ordered links) on 15 April 2015@22:46:02.

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