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Headword: Νῶκαρ
Adler number: nu,542
Translated headword: slothful, sleepy; coma, lethargy
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] one who moves with difficulty.[1]
From the privative νω and the [verb] σκαίρω ["I skip"], as if [to say] νῶσκαρ , one who lacks the strength to skip; or also otherwise[2] one [who is] without breath and does not have spirit [κῆρ ], just as also νεκρός ["corpse"] [is] one [who is] deprived of spirit [κῆρ ], which is soul [ψυχή ].[3]
Greek Original:
Νῶκαρ: ὁ δυσκίνητος. παρὰ τὸ νῶ στερητικὸν καὶ τὸ σκαίρω, οἱονεὶ νῶσκαρ, ὁ μὴ σκαίρειν ἰσχύων: ἢ καὶ ἄλλως ὁ δῆθεν ..... ἄψυχος καὶ μὴ ἔχων κῆρ, καθὰ καὶ νεκρὸς ὁ ἐστερημένος κῆρος, ὅπερ ἐστὶν ψυχῆς.
Notes:
On the headword see generally LSJ s.v. It is attested as an adjective in lexica and grammars; as a (neuter) noun in Nicander, Theriaca 189.
According to Chantraine (citing Benveniste), the word is generally considered to be an archaic neuter noun in -αρ (like ὄναρ ) with the vocalism o, related to νέκυς and νεκρός . He suggests that the o may originally have been short, and the lengthened vowel may have been influenced by κῶμα .
[1] Same glossing in ps.-Herodian 93 and, according to Adler, in the Ambrosian Lexicon. The rest of the entry is found only in the margin of Suda ms M.
[2] Adler initially stated that 6-7 letters are lost at this point, but in her consolidated addenda and corrigenda she fills them with ὁ δῆθεν , translated here.
[3] Similar material in the Etymologicum Magnum (599.48) and Herodian.
References:
E. Benveniste, Origines de la formation des noms en indo-européen (Paris 1948) 18
P. Chantraine, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque, ed. 2 (Paris 2009) 714
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; poetry
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 October 2009@01:04:42.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added primary note and more keywords; cosmetics) on 14 October 2009@03:08:15.
Catharine Roth (expanded etymological note) on 15 October 2009@01:01:02.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 16 October 2009@01:06:33.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 17 June 2013@09:24:52.
David Whitehead (tweaked a note) on 3 February 2014@07:52:50.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 18 December 2014@23:09:10.

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