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Headword: Νουμᾶς Πομπίλιος
Adler number: nu,515
Translated headword: Numa Pompilius
Vetting Status: high
"The Romans elected him, even though he was not a native, after the interreges[1] and from their election entrusted the entire rule to him. And this man managed political affairs and was the first to invent the year, dividing the solar revolution into 12 months -- something before him treated as a lump and completely irrationally; and he established sacred precincts and he placed the so-called Pontifices[2] and the Flamines, and also the Salii who practiced the dance,[3] in the role of priests. He charged the Vestal Virgins[4] to have the care of the fire and water;[5] they had the highest honour amongst Romans and kept their virginity throughout their lives; and if one of them should lie with a man, she would be buried [sc. alive]; and on account of this they were not permitted to use unguent or flowers or clothing that was not white."[6]
Concerning Numa look in the [entry] 'chlamys'.[7] Concerning noummia look in the [entry] 'assaria'.[8] [Note] that the emperor Antoninus was the best and especially worthy to be compared with Numa considering the similar manner of their leadership.[9]
Greek Original:
Νουμᾶς Πομπίλιος: τοῦτον οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι καὶ μὴ ἐπιδήμιον ὄντα προεβάλοντο μετὰ τοὺς μεσοβασιλεῖς καὶ αὐτῷ πᾶσαν τὴν ἡγεμονίαν ἐκ προβουλεύματος ἔδοσαν. καὶ τὰ πολιτικὰ ἔθη οὗτος διῳ- κήσατο ἐνιαυτόν τε πρῶτος εὕρατο εἰς ιβ# μῆνας τὴν ἡλιακὴν κατανείμας περίοδον, χύδην τε καὶ ἀκατανοήτως παντάπασι πρὸ αὐτοῦ παρὰ Ῥωμαίοις φερομένην: ἱερά τε καὶ τεμένη ἱδρύσατο καὶ τοὺς λεγομένους Ποντίφικας καὶ Φλαμινίους τοῖς ἱερεῦσιν ἐπέστησε Σαλίους τε τοὺς τὴν ὄρχησιν ἀσκήσαντας: τάς τε Ἑστιάδας παρθένους τοῦ πυρὸς καὶ ὕδατος τὴν ἐπιμέλειαν ἔχειν ἐπέτρεψεν: αἳ τὴν μὲν ἄκραν τιμὴν παρὰ Ῥωμαίοις εἶχον, διὰ βίου δὲ τὴν παρθενίαν ἐφύλαττον: κἄν τις αὐτῶν ἠνδρώθη, κατεχώννυτο: καὶ διὰ τοῦτο οὐ μύρῳ οὐκ ἄνθεσιν οὐχ ἱματίῳ χρῆσθαι συνεχωροῦντο, πλὴν λευκοῦ. ζήτει ἐν τῷ χλαμὺς περὶ Νουμᾶ. περὶ νουμμίων ζήτει ἐν τῷ ἀσσάρια. ὅτι Ἀντωνῖνος ὁ βασιλεὺς ἄριστος ἦν καὶ μάλιστα Νουμᾷ κατὰ τὸ τῆς ἡγεμονίας ὁμοιότροπον ἄξιος παραβάλλεσθαι.
On Numa Pompilius, legendary second king of Rome (715-673 trad.) despite being reputedly a Sabine, see Andrew Drummond in OCD(4) s.v. 'Pompilius, Numa' (p.1181).
[1] The Greek is μεσοβασιλεῖς . See mu 664.
[2] See pi 2047.
[3] They were called the "Salii" from Latin salire ("to dance") and performed ritual dances in martial apparel. See Cyril Bailey and John North in OCD(4) s.v. 'Salii' (p.1310).
[4] See alpha 4413 and epsilon 3213.
[5] That is, keeping the sacred fire from going out and collecting water from a sacred spring.
[6] John of Antioch fr.60.1 Roberto; see also Eutropius, Breviarium 1.3, and Julius Africanus (ed. Gelzer) 2.379.
The cross-references which now follow appear only in ms M (= Marcianus 448).
[7] See chi 333.
[8] See alpha 4126.
[9] See alpha 2762 ("Antoninus").
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; clothing; constitution; economics; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; law; mathematics; military affairs; meter and music; politics; religion; science and technology; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 10 April 2008@09:41:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added primary note; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 April 2008@10:13:22.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 17 June 2013@06:40:29.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:51:24.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@11:22:59.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@06:02:05.


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