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Headword: Νότιος
Adler number: nu,508
Translated headword: damp
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] moist.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] νότιος ἱδρώς ["damp sweat"], [meaning] moist.[2]
The Etymologicum Magnum, in which it is transmitted that νῶτα ["backs"] or ψύαν ["loin-muscle"] or ψυ- [...] or ψ- [...] with a diphthong, ψόα with a single ο where instead of ῥῶα [sc. there is] ῥόα , [sc. and likewise not] χρῶα [but] χρόα , since, he says, into this part the sweat flows; he wants, needless to say, the sense "that down the back" [...]; thus "notios sweat was pouring down him"; the etymologist is also saying that out of the [noun] νοτίς ["dampness"], by lengthening of the omicron into omega, come both ὁ νῶτος and τὰ νῶτα .[3]
Greek Original:
Νότιος: ὑγρός. καὶ Νότιος ἱδρώς, ὁ ὑγρός. τὸ μέγα Ἐτυμολογικόν, ἐν ᾧ φέρεται, ὅτι νῶτος ἢ ψοιὰν ἢ ψύα ἢ ψ.. ὀξυτόνως διὰ τῆς οι διφθόγγου, ἢ ψόα διὰ μόνου τοῦ ο κατὰ τὸ ῥοῖα, ῥόα, χροῖα, χρόα, ἐπεί, φησί, εἰς τοῦτο τὸ μέρος ὁ ἱδρὼς καταρρεῖ: βούλεται ν ὅτι οὐ ἱδρῶτα νοεῖν τὸν κατὰ τοῦ νώτου φερόμενον καὶ ἐν τῷ κατὰ δὲ νότιος ῥέεν ἱδρὼς ὃ λέγει ὁ ἐτυμολογῶν καὶ ὅτι ἐκ τῆς νοτίδος ἐκτάσει τοῦ ο εἰς ω καὶ ὁ νῶτος καὶ τὰ νῶτα γίνονται.
Notes:
cf, nu 506.
[1] Likewise in other lexica: references at Photius nu268 Theodoridis; and see further, next note.
[2] Homer, Iliad 11.811: κατὰ δὲ νότιος ῥέεν ἱδρώς (quoted later in the entry); cf. the scholia there.
[3] Adler's note here says 'cf. Etym.Magn. 607.46', but the comparison is tangential. In the Suda this section of the entry is a marginal addition, 'miserably corrupted' (Adler), in ms M. The present translation of it translates the on-line text, which incorporates changes proffered by Adler in her consolidated addenda and corrigenda.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; medicine
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 October 2009@06:12:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (supplemented translation, set status) on 18 October 2009@16:29:24.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 19 October 2009@03:04:16.
David Whitehead on 17 June 2013@06:25:18.
David Whitehead on 3 February 2014@07:43:49.

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