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Headword: Nomos
Adler number: nu,478
Translated headword: nomos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the type of melody for cithara-playing, having this harmony[1] and a specified rhythm. There were seven such [nomoi defined] by Terpander, of which one is 'orthios',[2] 'tetradios',[3] and shrill. Dorians use [the word] in their dialect for coinage, and Romans, deviating, say 'noummon'.[4] Attic [writers apply the word to] the divided portions of land, as also in Egypt. And [it is] also justice in written form.[5]
[It is said] that Darius had a nomos, a Phrygian and a Lydian and an Ionic.[6]
Greek Original:
Nomos: ho kitharôidikos tropos tês melôidias, harmonian echôn tautên kai rhuthmon hôrismenon. êsan de hepta hoi hupo Terpandrou, hôn heis orthios, tetradios, oxus. Dôrieis de epi nomismatos chrôntai têi lexei, kai Rhômaioi paratrepsantes noummon legousin. Attikoi ta dianenemêmena merê tês gês, hôs kai en Aiguptôi. kai to dikaion engraphon. hoti Dareios eiche nomon, ton te Phrugion kai Ludion kai Iônikon.
Notes:
For the various meanings of the noun nomos which this entry (which has close parallels with glosses on Herodotus 1.24) haphazardly surveys, see LSJ s.v. First paragraph also in Photius (nu253 Theodoridis).
[1] Translating the tau/thn printed by Adler; she notes, however, that ms G has the reading takth/n, and Theodoridis on Photius (above) regards it as correct: 'having an ordered harmony'.
[2] cf. omicron 574, omicron 575, omicron 585. On Terpander, see tau 354.
[3] Not in LSJ, but presumably means quadripartite.
[4] i.e. the Latin nummus.
[5] i.e. law.
[6] Adler notes the suggestion of Hemsterhuis that 'Darius' should read 'Dorian' (accusative case, agreeing with nomos). However, the idea is otiose because the substance of the phrase comes from Herodotus 3.127.1 (where the subject is not Darius but Oroites and the Suda's no/mon is, correctly, nomo/n, satrapy). For the source-identification see Theodoridis' Photius edition, vol.II p.LXXX.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; historiography; history; law; meter and music
Translated by: Nathan Greenberg on 6 October 2002@09:56:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 6 October 2002@10:51:23.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 21 April 2003@21:01:14.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 22 April 2003@02:49:43.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@08:58:40.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.5; more keywords) on 10 October 2011@10:18:19.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 17 June 2013@04:53:58.

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