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Headword: Νόμος
Adler number: nu,478
Translated headword: nomos
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the type of melody for cithara-playing, having this harmony[1] and a specified rhythm. There were seven such [nomoi defined] by Terpander, of which one is 'orthios',[2] 'tetradios',[3] and shrill. Dorians use [the word] in their dialect for coinage, and Romans, deviating, say 'noummon'.[4] Attic [writers apply the word to] the divided portions of land, as also in Egypt. And [it is] also justice in written form.[5]
[It is said] that Darius had a nomos, a Phrygian and a Lydian and an Ionic.[6]
Greek Original:
Νόμος: ὁ κιθαρῳδικὸς τρόπος τῆς μελῳδίας, ἁρμονίαν ἔχων ταύτην καὶ ῥυθμὸν ὡρισμένον. ἦσαν δὲ ἑπτὰ οἱ ὑπὸ Τερπάνδρου, ὧν εἷς ὄρθιος, τετράδιος, ὀξύς. Δωριεῖς δὲ ἐπὶ νομίσματος χρῶνται τῇ λέξει, καὶ Ῥωμαῖοι παρατρέψαντες νοῦμμον λέγουσιν. Ἀττικοὶ τὰ διανενεμημένα μέρη τῆς γῆς, ὡς καὶ ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ. καὶ τὸ δίκαιον ἔγγραφον. ὅτι Δαρεῖος εἶχε νόμον, τόν τε Φρύγιον καὶ Λύδιον καὶ Ἰωνικόν.
For the various meanings of the noun nomos which this entry (which has close parallels with glosses on Herodotus 1.24) haphazardly surveys, see LSJ s.v. First paragraph also in Photius (nu253 Theodoridis).
[1] Translating the ταύτην printed by Adler; she notes, however, that ms G has the reading τακτήν , and Theodoridis on Photius (above) regards it as correct: 'having an ordered harmony'.
[2] cf. omicron 574, omicron 575, omicron 585. On Terpander, see tau 354.
[3] Not in LSJ, but presumably means quadripartite.
[4] i.e. the Latin nummus.
[5] i.e. law.
[6] Adler notes the suggestion of Hemsterhuis that 'Darius' should read 'Dorian' (accusative case, agreeing with nomos). However, the idea is otiose because the substance of the phrase comes from Herodotus 3.127.1 (where the subject is not Darius but Oroites and the Suda's νόμον is, correctly, νομόν , satrapy). For the source-identification see Theodoridis' Photius edition, vol.II p.LXXX.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; historiography; history; law; meter and music
Translated by: Nathan Greenberg on 6 October 2002@09:56:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 6 October 2002@10:51:23.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 21 April 2003@21:01:14.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 22 April 2003@02:49:43.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@08:58:40.
David Whitehead (modified and expanded n.5; more keywords) on 10 October 2011@10:18:19.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 17 June 2013@04:53:58.


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