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Headword: Νισσόμενος
Adler number: nu,427
Translated headword: going
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning one who is] turning back.[1] Also [sc. attested is] νίσοντο ["they went"], [meaning] they turned back.[2]
They say [it is formed] out of the [verb] νεΐω , [meaning] I go, whose future is νεΐσω ; for otherwise the diphthong ei[3] is used freely, as if it derives from νέω ;[4] and [it is] also likely that it is redundant in form as a result of the two sigmas.[5]
Greek Original:
Νισσόμενος: ἀναστρεφόμενος. καὶ Νίσοντο, ἀνεστρέφοντο. ἐκ τοῦ νεί̈ω φασι, τὸ πορεύομαι: οὗ ὁ μέλλων νεί̈σω: ἄλλως γὰρ ὡς ἐκ τοῦ νέω ἡ ει δίφθογγος ἐν τούτοις παρρησιάζεται: εἰκὸς δὲ καὶ ἐκ τῶν δύο σσ1 πλεονάζεσθαι.
Notes:
[1] The headword participle must be quoted from somewhere, perhaps Greek Anthology 9.702: "descending (νισσόμενος ) from Olympus to Earth".
[2] Homer, Iliad 12.119, 18.566.
[3] Adler initially printed 'the reading', but see n. 5 below.
[4] The etymologies derive the verb in question, νίσσομαι , from νέω ; they probably mean νέομαι "go" (root *nes-/nos-, reduplicated zero-grade *ni-ns-). Νείω is offered as a hypothetical variant of νέω in the scholia to Homer, Odyssey 4.701, and in Eustathius of Thessalonica, Commentary on the Odyssey 9.58.
[5] The infinitive at the end of this last clause, taken from the margin of ms M, was initially printed as ὀνομάζεσθαι ["is named"] by Adler, with no note of any textual variants or problems. However, in her consolidated addenda and corrigenda she adopted two changes to this material (cf. n. 3 above), including the πλεονάζεσθαι translated here.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 25 November 2009@09:25:11.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (expanded note, set status) on 25 November 2009@22:06:39.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 25 November 2009@23:11:56.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; augmented notes) on 26 November 2009@03:16:44.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 10 June 2013@04:04:33.
David Whitehead (tweaked notes) on 3 February 2014@07:38:32.

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