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Headword: Νικῷεν
Adler number: nu,408
Translated headword: they might be victorious
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
and νικῴη ["he/she/it might be victorious"]: optatives.[1]
[Formed] out of νικάοι[μι], νικῷμι with a change of the -μι into -ην by reason of metaplasm; such are also περιπατοίην ["I might walk around"], γνοίην ["I might know"], δοίην ["I might give"], βοῴην ["I might shout"] and innumerable others.[2]
Greek Original:
Νικῷεν καὶ Νικῴη: εὐκτικά. ἐκ τῆς νικάοιμι, νικῷμι τροπῇ τῆς μι εἰς ην λόγῳ μεταπλασμοῦ: τοιοῦτον καὶ τὸ περιπατοίην, γνοίην, δοίην, βοῴην καὶ ἄλλα μυρία.
Notes:
[1] Third person plural and singular of νικάω (cf. nu 409). Evidently quoted from somewhere: there are many possibilities, but perhaps Xenophon, Anabasis 1.10.5 and (already at alpha 1140) 1.9.11 respectively.
[2] See Etymologicum Magnum 606.17; in the margin of ms M of the Suda (lacking in other mss). Contract verbs have optative forms like -οιμι more commonly in the dual and plural, but forms like -οίην more commonly in the singular (Smyth section 392).
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 October 2009@01:04:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 5 October 2009@03:14:38.
David Whitehead on 10 June 2013@03:32:36.

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