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Headword: Νικομήδεια
Adler number: nu,400
Translated headword: Nikomedeia, Nicomedia
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A city [of that name].[1]
The one once called Olbia; but it changed its name, they say, to [that of] Nikomedes the son of Zielas; because of the fame of both him and his city it took its name from him, and those after him [sc. were called] Nikomedians, just as from the first Pharaoh those after him shared in the same name. It seems that a namesake of Nikomedeia is also the port in Bithynia, Nikomedeion; its topikon [is] not only Nikomedeus but they say that it can also be Nikomedeieus. A citizen of Nikomedeia was the famous rhetor Arrian.[2]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] 'Nikomedian ship'.[3]
Greek Original:
Νικομήδεια: πόλις. ἡ καὶ Ὀλβία ποτε κληθεῖσα: παρωνόμασται δέ φασι Νικομήδει τῷ τοῦ Ζιήλα παιδί: ἐξ ἐκείνου δὲ διὰ τὸ καὶ αὐτοῦ καὶ τῆς κατ' αὐτὸν πόλεως διάσημον ἐκαλεῖτο, καὶ οἱ μετ' αὐτὸν Νικομηδεῖς, καθὰ καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ πρώτου Φαραὼ οἱ μετ' ἐκεῖνον τοῦ αὐτοῦ ἐκληρονόμουν ὀνόματος: δοκεῖ δὲ τῆς Νικομηδείας παρώνυμον εἶναι καὶ τὸ ἐν Βιθυνίᾳ Νικομήδειον ἐμπόριον αὐτὸ Βιθυνίας: οὗ τοπικὸν οὐ μόνον Νικομηδεύς, ἀλλὰ δύναται φασὶ εἶναι καὶ Νικομηδειεύς. ἦν δὲ τῆς Νικομηδείας πολίτης ὁ περιώνυμος ῥήτωρ Ἀρριανός. καὶ Νικομηδὶς ναῦς.
Notes:
[1] Present-day Izmit, in the extreme eastern Propontis (Sea of Marmara). See generally OCD4 Nicomedia; Barrington Atlas map 52 grid F3.
[2] This material is paralleled in Stephanus of Byzantium s.v. Nikomedeia and s.v. Nikomedeion (but includes detail that Stephanus does not). For Arrian see alpha 3868; and cf. alpha 4739 for another (possible) Nikomedian.
[3] See nu 69 (and nu 74).
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; history; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 September 2008@05:02:50.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, set status) on 16 September 2008@11:51:55.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 17 September 2008@03:04:12.
David Whitehead (supplemented tr; another note) on 10 August 2009@06:06:57.
David Whitehead on 28 July 2011@07:00:17.
David Whitehead on 10 June 2013@03:17:48.
David Whitehead on 3 February 2014@07:31:13.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:32:04.

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