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Headword: Νίκαια
Adler number: nu,380
Translated headword: Nikaia, Nicaea
Vetting Status: high
Name of a city of Bithynia;[1] and by it flows a river called Pharnoutis.[2]
[sc. Originally] a colony of the Bottiaeans,[3] it was also called Antigoneia,[4] but changed its name to that of Nike, the wife of Lysimachus.[5] Alternatively it has the same name, if that woman was called Nikaia. There is also a Nikaia in Illyria[6] and in India[7] and on the island of Kyrnos [ = Corsica] and in Leuktra[8] and of the Celts[9] and of the Epiknemidian Lokrians[10] and near Thermopylae and [in] Thrace. Many notable men come from it. Its ethnikon [is] Nikaieus and Nikaeus -- but if, they say, it is Nikaios, the word has an acute accent on the penultima: for [it is] Νικαία .
Greek Original:
Νίκαια: ὄνομα πόλεως Βιθυνίας: ἐν ᾗ παραρρεῖ καὶ ποταμὸς Φάρνουτις λεγόμενος. Βοττιαίων ἄποικος, αὕτη κληθεῖσα καὶ Ἀντιγόνεια. παρωνόμασται δὲ Νίκῃ τῇ τοῦ Λυσιμάχου γυναικί. ἄλλως δὲ ὁμωνυμεῖ, εἴπερ ἐκείνη ἐκαλεῖτο Νίκαια. ἔστι δὲ καὶ Ἰλλυρὶς Νίκαια καὶ Ἰνδικὴ καὶ Κύρνου τῆς νήσου καὶ Λευκτρικὴ καὶ Κελτῶν καὶ Λοκρῶν Ἐπικνημιδίων καὶ περὶ Θερμοπύλας καὶ Θρᾴκην. ἄνδρες ἐξ αὐτῆς πολλοὶ λόγου ἄξιοι. ἐθνικὸν αὐτῆς Νικαιεὺς καὶ Νικαεύς. εἰ δ' ἔστι, φασί, Νικαῖος, παροξύνεται ἡ ῥηθεῖσα: Νικαία γάρ.
Lightly adapted from Stephanus of Byzantium s.v.
[1] See generally OCD4 s.v. Nicaea(1); Barrington Atlas map 52 grid F4; present-day Isnik.
[2] cf. phi 111.
[3] A non- (or semi-Greek) people of ancient Lower Macedonia.
[4] After King Antigonus I Monophthalmus (d. 301 BCE). See further, next note.
[5] King Lysimachus (d. 282 BCE), whose territorial gains after the death of Antigonus included this city.
[6] Barrington Atlas map 49 grid B3.
[7] Barrington Atalas map 6 grid C3.
[8] In Boeotia, celebrated for the Boeotians' victory over the Spartans in 371 BCE.
[9] Present-day Nice, in the south of France; OCD4 s.v.(2).
[10] cf. nu 381.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 17 September 2009@05:09:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 17 September 2009@09:09:33.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 17 September 2009@09:13:38.
David Whitehead (more notes; tweaks) on 18 September 2009@07:30:54.
David Whitehead on 28 July 2011@06:55:24.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:26:30.


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