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Headword: Νηρίτης
Adler number: nu,336
Translated headword: nereites, nerites, sea-snail
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A maritime snail.[1]
[sc. The word is formed] out of the [verb] νέω , [contracted form] νῶ , [future] νήσω , the [verb meaning] I swim,[2] [which gives rise to νηρός ["fresh"], a fish.[3] And 'a nêros corner' in Lycophron [is] hollow, or completely wet.[4] And that is the derivation of nêritês. For if it were formed out of the [name] Nereus, as some claim, the penult of nêritês would be a diphthong.[5]
Greek Original:
Νηρίτης: θαλάσσιος κόχλος. ἐκ τοῦ νέω, νῶ, νήσω, τὸ κολυμβῶ, νηρός, ἰχθύς. καὶ νηρὸς μυχὸς παρὰ Λυκόφρονι ὁ κοῖλος, ἢ κάθυγρος. καὶ ἐκ τοιαύτης παραγωγῆς ὁ νηρίτης. εἰ γὰρ ἦν κατά τινας ἐκ τοῦ Νηρεύς, διὰ διφθόγγου ἂν εἶχε τὴν παραλήγουσαν ὁ νηρίτης.
Notes:
[1] From the scholia to Lycophron, Alexandra 238.
[2] cf. nu 103, nu 226, nu 338.
[3] As also noted in nu 334, the Suda may well be alluding to the vernacular meaning of νηρός , "water". The mention of "fish" is irrelevant, unless the lexicographer is instead deriving νηρός as "a swimmer", i.e. a species of marine life.
[4] A misreading of Lycophron, Alexandra 896, which has ἐν χθονὸς νειροῖς μυχοῖς "in the lowest corners of the ground". LSJ notes this as a false reading under νηρός II.2.
[5] That is, a derivation from Νηρεύς would result in the spelling νηρείτης . As it turns out, both spellings are listed in LSJ. The TLG has νηρείτης in the Aristotelian corpus, and νηρίτης in subsequent texts, starting with Lycophron. Frisk's Etymological Dictionary does not rule out a connection with Nereus (nu 328), and thinks a connection with νηρόν implausible.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 6 October 2009@03:24:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 October 2009@06:38:24.
David Whitehead on 9 June 2013@05:50:43.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@04:52:48.

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